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Category:GO:0006412 ! translation

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DAG for GO:0006412id: GO:0006412

name: translation
namespace: biological_process
alt_id: GO:0006416
alt_id: GO:0006453
alt_id: GO:0043037
def: "The cellular metabolic process in which a protein is formed, using the sequence of a mature mRNA or circRNA molecule to specify the sequence of amino acids in a polypeptide chain. Translation is mediated by the ribosome, and begins with the formation of a ternary complex between aminoacylated initiator methionine tRNA, GTP, and initiation factor 2, which subsequently associates with the small subunit of the ribosome and an mRNA or circRNA. Translation ends with the release of a polypeptide chain from the ribosome." [GOC:go_curators]
subset: goslim_aspergillus
subset: goslim_candida
subset: goslim_chembl
subset: goslim_generic
subset: goslim_metagenomics
subset: goslim_pir
subset: goslim_plant
synonym: "protein anabolism" EXACT []
synonym: "protein biosynthesis" EXACT []
synonym: "protein biosynthetic process" EXACT []
synonym: "protein formation" EXACT []
synonym: "protein synthesis" EXACT []
synonym: "protein translation" EXACT []
xref: Wikipedia:Translation_(genetics)
is_a: GO:0034645 ! cellular macromolecule biosynthetic process
is_a: GO:0043043 ! peptide biosynthetic process
is_a: GO:0044267 ! cellular protein metabolic process
relationship: has_part: GO:0006414 ! translational elongation
relationship: part_of: GO:0010467 ! gene expression

AmiGO <GOterm>GO:0006412</GOterm>
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Pages in category "GO:0006412 ! translation"

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