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Category:GO:0005840 ! ribosome

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DAG for GO:0005840id: GO:0005840

name: ribosome
namespace: cellular_component
alt_id: GO:0033279
def: "An intracellular organelle, about 200 A in diameter, consisting of RNA and protein. It is the site of protein biosynthesis resulting from translation of messenger RNA (mRNA). It consists of two subunits, one large and one small, each containing only protein and RNA. Both the ribosome and its subunits are characterized by their sedimentation coefficients, expressed in Svedberg units (symbol: S). Hence, the prokaryotic ribosome (70S) comprises a large (50S) subunit and a small (30S) subunit, while the eukaryotic ribosome (80S) comprises a large (60S) subunit and a small (40S) subunit. Two sites on the ribosomal large subunit are involved in translation, namely the aminoacyl site (A site) and peptidyl site (P site). Ribosomes from prokaryotes, eukaryotes, mitochondria, and chloroplasts have characteristically distinct ribosomal proteins." [ISBN:0198506732]
subset: goslim_aspergillus
subset: goslim_candida
subset: goslim_chembl
subset: goslim_generic
subset: goslim_metagenomics
subset: goslim_pir
subset: goslim_plant
subset: goslim_yeast
synonym: "free ribosome" NARROW [NIF_Subcellular:sao1139385046]
synonym: "membrane bound ribosome" NARROW [NIF_Subcellular:sao1291545653]
synonym: "ribosomal RNA" RELATED []
xref: NIF_Subcellular:sao1429207766
xref: Wikipedia:Ribosome
is_a: GO:0043232 ! intracellular non-membrane-bounded organelle

AmiGO <GOterm>GO:0005840</GOterm>
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Pages in category "GO:0005840 ! ribosome"

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