name: aminoacyl-tRNA ligase activity
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def: "Catalysis of the formation of aminoacyl-tRNA from ATP, amino acid, and tRNA with the release of diphosphate and AMP." [ISBN:0198506732]
comment: Note that the bond resulting from this reaction is a carboxylic acid ester bond, linking the alpha carboxyl group of the amino acid to either the 2' or 3' hydroxyl of the 3'- terminal adenyl residue of the tRNA.
synonym: "aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase activity" EXACT [GOC:hjd]
synonym: "aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase auxiliary protein activity" RELATED 
synonym: "ligase activity, forming aminoacyl-tRNA and related compounds" BROAD 
is_a: GO:0016875 ! ligase activity, forming carbon-oxygen bonds
is_a: GO:0140101 ! catalytic activity, acting on a tRNA
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