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Gutman, PD, Fuchs, P, Ouyang, L and Minton, KW (1993) Identification, sequencing, and targeted mutagenesis of a DNA polymerase gene required for the extreme radioresistance of Deinococcus radiodurans. J. Bacteriol. 175:3581-90


Deinococcus radiodurans and other species of the same genus share extreme resistance to ionizing radiation and many other agents that damage DNA. Two different DNA damage-sensitive strains generated by chemical mutagenesis were found to be defective in a gene that has extended DNA and protein sequence homology with polA of Escherichia coli. Both mutant strains lacked DNA polymerase, as measured in activity gels. Transformation of this gene from wild-type D. radiodurans restored to the mutants both polymerase activity and DNA damage resistance. A technique for targeted insertional mutagenesis in D. radiodurans is presented. This technique was employed to construct a pol mutant isogenic with the wild type (the first example of targeted mutagenesis in this eubacterial family). This insertional mutant lacked DNA polymerase activity and was even more sensitive to DNA damage than the mutants derived by chemical mutagenesis. In the case of ionizing radiation, the survival of the wild type after receiving 1 Mrad was 100% while survival of the insertional mutant extrapolated to 10(-24). These results demonstrate that the gene described here encodes a DNA polymerase and that defects in this pol gene cause a dramatic loss of resistance of D. radiodurans to DNA damage.


PubMed PMC204759


Amino Acid Sequence; Base Sequence; Cloning, Molecular; DNA Polymerase I/genetics; Gamma Rays; Genes, Bacterial/genetics; Gram-Positive Cocci/genetics; Gram-Positive Cocci/radiation effects; Molecular Sequence Data; Mutagenesis, Insertional; Radiation Tolerance/genetics; Sequence Analysis, DNA; Sequence Homology, Amino Acid; Transformation, Genetic; Ultraviolet Rays; X-Rays



Gene product Qualifier GO Term Evidence Code with/from Aspect Extension Notes Status


GO:0003887: DNA-directed DNA polymerase activity



An activity gel assay showed that mutant strains were deficient in DNA polymerase activity. (see figure 6)


See also


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