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Chiappetta, G, Basile, A, Barbieri, A, Falco, A, Rosati, A, Festa, M, Pasquinelli, R, Califano, D, Palma, G, Costanzo, R, Barcaroli, D, Capunzo, M, Franco, R, Rocco, G, Pascale, M, Turco, MC, De Laurenzi, V and Arra, C (2014) The anti-apoptotic BAG3 protein is expressed in lung carcinomas and regulates small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) tumor growth. Oncotarget 5:6846-53


BAG3, member the HSP70 co-chaperones family, has been shown to play a relevant role in the survival, growth and invasiveness of different tumor types. In this study, we investigate the expression of BAG3 in 66 specimens from different lung tumors and the role of this protein in small cell lung cancer (SCLC) tumor growth. Normal lung tissue did not express BAG3 while we detected the expression of BAG3 by immunohistochemistry in all the 13 squamous cell carcinomas, 13 adenocarcinomas and 4 large cell carcinomas. Furthermore, we detected BAG3 expression in 22 of the 36 SCLCs analyzed. The role on SCLC cell survival was determined by down-regulating BAG3 levels in two human SCLC cell lines, i.e. H69 and H446, in vitro and measuring cisplatin induced apoptosis. Indeed down-regulation of BAG3 determines increased cell death and sensitizes cells to cisplatin treatment. The effect of BAG3 down-regulation on tumor growth was also investigated in an in vivo xenograft model by treating mice with an adenovirus expressing a specific bag3 siRNA. Treatment with bag3 siRNA-Ad significantly reduced tumor growth and improved animal survival. In conclusion we show that a subset of SCLCs over express BAG3 that exerts an anti-apoptotic effect resulting in resistance to chemotherapy.


PubMed PMC4196167


Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/biosynthesis; Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/genetics; Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/metabolism; Animals; Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacology; Apoptosis/physiology; Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins/biosynthesis; Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins/genetics; Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins/metabolism; Cell Growth Processes/physiology; Cell Line, Tumor; Cisplatin/pharmacology; Down-Regulation; Female; Heterografts; Humans; Immunohistochemistry; Lung Neoplasms/drug therapy; Lung Neoplasms/genetics; Lung Neoplasms/metabolism; Lung Neoplasms/pathology; Mice; Mice, Nude; Small Cell Lung Carcinoma/drug therapy; Small Cell Lung Carcinoma/genetics; Small Cell Lung Carcinoma/metabolism; Small Cell Lung Carcinoma/pathology



Gene product Qualifier GO Term Evidence Code with/from Aspect Extension Notes Status


GO:0005737: cytoplasm



Immunohistochemical analysis of BAG3 expression in Figure 1 A, E and F.

CACAO 11018


See also


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