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Jayakumar, A, Hong, JS and Barnes, EM Jr (1987) Feedback inhibition of ammonium (methylammonium) ion transport in Escherichia coli by glutamine and glutamine analogs. J. Bacteriol. 169:553-7


When cultured with glutamate or glutamine as the nitrogen source, Escherichia coli expresses a specific ammonium (methylammonium) transport system. Over 95% of the methylammonium transport activity in washed cells was blocked by incubation with 100 microM L-glutamine in the presence of chloramphenicol (100 micrograms/ml). The time course for the onset of this glutamine inhibition followed a first-order rate expression with a t1/2 of 2.8 min. The inhibition of transport by L-glutamine was noncompetitive (Ki = 18 microM) with respect to the [14C]methylammonium substrate. D-Glutamine had no significant effect. The glutamine analogs gamma-L-glutamyl hydroxamate (Ki = 360 microM) and gamma-L-glutamyl hydrazide (Ki = 800 microM) were also noncompetitive inhibitors of methylammonium transport, suggesting that glutamine metabolism is not required. The role of the intracellular glutamine pool in the regulation of ammonium transport was investigated by using mutants carrying defects in the operon of glnP, the gene for the glutamine transporter. The glnP mutants had normal rates of methylammonium transport but were refractory to glutamine inhibition. Glycylglycine, a noncompetitive inhibitor of methylammonium uptake in wild-type cells (Ki = 43 microM), was equipotent in blocking transport in glnP mutants. Although ammonium transport is also subject to repression by growth of E. coli in the presence of ammonia, this phenomenon is unrelated to glutamine inhibition. A GlnL RegC mutant which constitutively expressed ammonium transport activity exhibited a sensitivity to glutamine inhibition similar to that of wild-type cells. These findings indicate that ammonium transport in E. coli is regulated by the internal glutamine pool via feedback inhibition.


PubMed PMC211813


Biological Transport, Active/drug effects; Escherichia coli/drug effects; Escherichia coli/metabolism; Feedback; Glutamine/analogs & derivatives; Glutamine/pharmacology; Kinetics; Methylamines/metabolism; Structure-Activity Relationship



Gene product Qualifier GO Term Evidence Code with/from Aspect Extension Notes Status


GO:0006810: transport



Figure 3: Transport assay was done of E.coli parental strain PSM2 with a functional glnP and of a glnP mutant strain PSM221. PSM221 with the mutant glnp showed a greatly reduced ability to transport glutamine compared to with PSM2 with the functional glnP which had a much greater ability to transport glutamine.

CACAO 4179

See also


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