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Kommineni, S, Yukl, E, Hayashi, T, Delepine, J, Geng, H, Moënne-Loccoz, P and Nakano, MM (2010) Nitric oxide-sensitive and -insensitive interaction of Bacillus subtilis NsrR with a ResDE-controlled promoter. Mol. Microbiol. 78:1280-93


NsrR is a nitric oxide (NO)-sensitive transcription repressor that controls NO metabolism in a wide range of bacteria. In Bacillus subtilis, NsrR represses transcription of the nitrite reductase (nasDEF) genes that are under positive control of the ResD-ResE two-component signal transduction system. Derepression is achieved by reaction of NO with NsrR. Unlike some NsrR orthologues that were shown to contain a NO-sensitive [2Fe-2S] cluster, B. subtilis NsrR, when purified anaerobically either from aerobic or from anaerobic Escherichia coli and B. subtilis cultures, contains a [4Fe-4S] cluster. [4Fe-4S]-NsrR binds around the -35 element of the nasD promoter with much higher affinity than apo-NsrR and binding of [4Fe-4S]-NsrR, but not apo-protein, is sensitive to NO. RNA polymerase and phosphorylated ResD make a ternary complex at the nasD promoter and NsrR dissociates the preformed ternary complex. In addition to the -35 region, NsrR binds to two distinct sites of the upstream regulatory region where ResD also binds. These interactions, unlike the high-affinity site binding, do not depend on the NsrR [4Fe-4S] cluster and binding is not sensitive to NO, suggesting a role for apo-NsrR in transcriptional regulation.


PubMed PMC3075490 Online version:10.1111/j.1365-2958.2010.07407.x


Bacillus subtilis/genetics; Bacillus subtilis/metabolism; Bacterial Proteins/genetics; Bacterial Proteins/metabolism; Base Sequence; DNA-Binding Proteins/genetics; DNA-Binding Proteins/metabolism; Gene Expression Regulation, Bacterial; Molecular Sequence Data; Nitric Oxide/metabolism; Promoter Regions, Genetic; Protein Binding; Transcription Factors/genetics; Transcription Factors/metabolism; Transcription, Genetic



Gene product Qualifier GO Term Evidence Code with/from Aspect Extension Notes Status


GO:0046679: response to streptomycin

IDA: Inferred from Direct Assay:


Figure 1: The apo- and [Fe-S]-NsrR interact with two distinct classes of DNA targets that have different recognition sequences.

CACAO 10730


See also


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