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Larré, C, Penninck, S, Bouchet, B, Lollier, V, Tranquet, O, Denery-Papini, S, Guillon, F and Rogniaux, H (2010) Brachypodium distachyon grain: identification and subcellular localization of storage proteins. J. Exp. Bot. 61:1771-83
Seed storage proteins are of great importance in nutrition and in industrial transformation because of their functional properties. Brachypodium distachyon has been proposed as a new model plant to study temperate cereals. The protein composition of Brachypodium grain was investigated by separating the proteins on the basis of their solubility combined with a proteomic approach. Salt-soluble proteins as well as salt-insoluble proteins separated by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis revealed 284 and 120 spots, respectively. Proteins from the major spots were sequenced by mass spectrometry and identified by searching against a Brachypodium putative protein database. Our analysis detected globulins and prolamins but no albumins. Globulins were represented mainly by the 11S type and their solubility properties corresponded to the glutelin found in rice. An in silico search for storage proteins returned more translated genes than expressed products identified by mass spectrometry, particularly in the case of prolamin type proteins, reflecting a strong expression of globulins at the expense of prolamins. Microscopic examination of endosperm cells revealed scarce small-size starch granules surrounded by protein bodies containing 11S globulins. The presence of protein bodies containing glutelins makes B. distachyon closer to rice or oat than to wheat endosperm.
Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional; Globulins/metabolism; Mass Spectrometry; Microscopy, Electron, Transmission; Plant Proteins/metabolism; Poaceae/genetics; Poaceae/metabolism; Poaceae/ultrastructure; Prolamins/metabolism; Seeds/genetics; Seeds/metabolism; Seeds/ultrastructure
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