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Katiyar-Agarwal, S, Gao, S, Vivian-Smith, A and Jin, H (2007) A novel class of bacteria-induced small RNAs in Arabidopsis. Genes Dev. 21:3123-34
Small RNAs, including microRNAs (miRNAs) and small interfering RNAs (siRNAs), are essential regulatory molecules of many cellular processes. Arabidopsis has at least three classes of endogenous siRNAs--chromatin-associated siRNAs, trans-acting siRNAs (tasiRNAs), and natural antisense transcript (NAT)-associated siRNAs (nat-siRNAs)--all 20-25 nucleotides (nt) in length. Here, we identified a novel class of small RNAs, long siRNAs (lsiRNAs), which are 30-40 nt and share many common features with known siRNAs. The lsiRNAs identified so far are induced by pathogen infection or under specific growth conditions. One of the lsiRNAs, AtlsiRNA-1, is generated from SRRLK/AtRAP NAT pair and specifically induced by the bacterium Pseudomonas syringae carrying effector avrRpt2. Recently, 25- to 31-nt PIWI-interacting RNAs (piRNAs) and repeat-associated siRNAs (rasiRNAs) were identified in animal germline cells. In contrast to the biogenesis of piRNAs/rasiRNAs, which is dicer independent and requires PIWI subfamily proteins, generation of AtlsiRNA-1 requires DCL1, DCL4, and the ARGONAUTE subfamily protein AGO7. It also depends on HYL1, HEN1, HST1, RDR6, and Pol IV. Induction of AtlsiRNA-1 silences AtRAP, which encodes a RAP-domain protein involved in disease resistance. Our further analysis implies that AtlsiRNA-1 may destabilize target mRNA through decapping and XRN4-mediated 5'-to-3' degradation.
Animals; Arabidopsis/genetics; Arabidopsis/metabolism; Arabidopsis/microbiology; Arabidopsis Proteins/genetics; Gene Expression Regulation, Plant; Genes, Plant; MicroRNAs/biosynthesis; MicroRNAs/classification; MicroRNAs/genetics; Plant Diseases/genetics; Plant Diseases/microbiology; Pseudomonas syringae/genetics; Pseudomonas syringae/pathogenicity; RNA Stability; RNA, Small Interfering/biosynthesis; RNA, Small Interfering/classification; RNA, Small Interfering/genetics
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