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Lehmann, A, Janek, K, Braun, B, Kloetzel, PM and Enenkel, C (2002) 20 S proteasomes are imported as precursor complexes into the nucleus of yeast. J. Mol. Biol. 317:401-13


The mechanism by which yeast 20 S proteasomes are imported into the nucleus is still unresolved. Here, we provide the first evidence that 20 S proteasomes are imported as precursor complexes into the nucleus. By using the srp1-49 mutant which is deficient in nuclear import of cargos with classical nuclear localization sequences (cNLS), we show that proteasome precursor complexes associate with importin/karyopherin alphabeta, the cNLS receptor, and that they accumulate inside the cytoplasm. Reconstitution assays revealed that only precursor complexes are targeted to the nuclear envelope (NE) by karyopherin alphabeta. In support, the green fluorescent protein (GFP)-labelled maturation factor Ump1, marking precursor complexes, mainly localizes to the nucleus and around the NE. Our data suggest that nuclear 20 S proteasomes are finally matured inside the nucleus.


PubMed Online version:10.1006/jmbi.2002.5443


Active Transport, Cell Nucleus; Cell Nucleus/enzymology; Cell Nucleus/metabolism; Cysteine Endopeptidases/chemistry; Cysteine Endopeptidases/metabolism; Cytoplasm/enzymology; Cytoplasm/metabolism; Endoplasmic Reticulum, Rough/enzymology; Endoplasmic Reticulum, Rough/metabolism; Fungal Proteins/genetics; Fungal Proteins/metabolism; Heat-Shock Proteins/genetics; Heat-Shock Proteins/metabolism; Karyopherins/metabolism; Models, Biological; Multienzyme Complexes/chemistry; Multienzyme Complexes/metabolism; Mutation; Peptide Mapping; Proteasome Endopeptidase Complex; Protein Precursors/chemistry; Protein Precursors/metabolism; Saccharomyces cerevisiae/cytology; Saccharomyces cerevisiae/enzymology; Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genetics; Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolism; Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins; Solutions; Ultracentrifugation



Gene product Qualifier GO ID GO term name Evidence Code with/from Aspect Notes Status

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