GONUTS has been updated to MW1.31 Most things seem to be working but be sure to report problems.

Have any questions? Please email us at ecoliwiki@gmail.com


Jump to: navigation, search


You don't have sufficient rights on this wiki to edit tables. Perhaps you need to log in. Changes you make in the Table editor will not be saved back to the wiki

See Help for Help on this wiki. See the documentation for how to use the table editor


Dupé, V and Lumsden, A (2001) Hindbrain patterning involves graded responses to retinoic acid signalling. Development 128:2199-208


Several recent studies have shown that retinoic acid signalling is required for correct patterning of the hindbrain. However, the data from these studies are disparate and the precise role of retinoic acid signalling in patterning the anteroposterior axis of the neural tube remains uncertain. To help clarify this issue, we have cultured a staged series of chick embryos in the presence of an antagonist to the all three retinoic acid receptors. Our data indicate that retinoic acid is the transforming signal involved in the expansion of posterior hindbrain structures. We find that the hindbrain region of the neural tube down to the level of the sixth somite acquires the identity of rhombomere 4 when retinoic acid signalling is blocked. Specification of future rhombomere boundaries has a retinoic acid dependency between stage 5 and stage 10(+) that is lost progressively in an anterior-to-posterior sequence. Furthermore, the application of various concentrations of antagonist shows that successively more posterior rhombomere boundaries require progressively higher concentration of endogenous retinoic acid for their correct positioning, a result that strengthens the hypothesis that a complex retinoid gradient acts to pattern the posterior hindbrain. Our dissection of early retinoic acid functions allows us to re-interpret the wide disparity of hindbrain phenotypes previously observed in various models of retinoic acid deficiency.




Animals; Body Patterning; Chick Embryo; Down-Regulation; Homeodomain Proteins/genetics; Receptors, Retinoic Acid/antagonists & inhibitors; Rhombencephalon/embryology; Rhombencephalon/metabolism; Signal Transduction; Transcription Factors/genetics; Tretinoin/metabolism