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PMID:9524130

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Citation

Schwer, B and Gross, CH (1998) Prp22, a DExH-box RNA helicase, plays two distinct roles in yeast pre-mRNA splicing. EMBO J. 17:2086-94

Abstract

In order to assess the role of Prp22 in yeast pre-mRNA splicing, we have purified the 130 kDa Prp22 protein and developed an in vitro depletion/reconstitution assay. We show that Prp22 is required for the second step of actin pre-mRNA splicing. Prp22 can act on pre-assembled spliceosomes that are arrested after step 1 in an ATP-independent fashion. The requirement for Prp22 during step 2 depends on the distance between the branchpoint and the 3' splice site, suggesting a previously unrecognized role for Prp22 in splice site selection. We characterize the biochemical activities of Prp22, a member of the DExH-box family of proteins, and we show that purified recombinant Prp22 protein is an RNA-dependent ATPase and an ATP-dependent RNA helicase. Prp22 uses the energy of ATP hydrolysis to effect the release of mRNA from the spliceosome. Thus, Prp22 has two distinct functions in yeast pre-mRNA splicing: an ATP-independent role during the second catalytic step and an ATP-requiring function in disassembly of the spliceosome.

Links

PubMed PMC1170553 Online version:10.1093/emboj/17.7.2086

Keywords

Actins/genetics; Adenosine Triphosphatases/isolation & purification; Adenosine Triphosphatases/metabolism; Adenosine Triphosphatases/physiology; Adenosine Triphosphate/physiology; DEAD-box RNA Helicases; Fungal Proteins/isolation & purification; Fungal Proteins/metabolism; Fungal Proteins/physiology; RNA Helicases; RNA Nucleotidyltransferases/isolation & purification; RNA Nucleotidyltransferases/metabolism; RNA Nucleotidyltransferases/physiology; RNA Precursors/genetics; RNA Precursors/metabolism; RNA Splicing/physiology; RNA, Fungal/metabolism; Recombinant Fusion Proteins/isolation & purification; Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins; Spliceosomes/metabolism; Yeasts/enzymology; Yeasts/genetics

Significance

Annotations

Gene product Qualifier GO Term Evidence Code with/from Aspect Extension Notes Status

YEAST:PRP22

contributes_to

GO:0000386: second spliceosomal transesterification activity

ECO:0000315: mutant phenotype evidence used in manual assertion

F

Seeded From UniProt

complete

YEAST:PRP22

part_of

GO:0071007: U2-type catalytic step 2 spliceosome

ECO:0000315: mutant phenotype evidence used in manual assertion

C

Seeded From UniProt

complete

YEAST:PRP22

involved_in

GO:0000390: spliceosomal complex disassembly

ECO:0000315: mutant phenotype evidence used in manual assertion

P

Seeded From UniProt

complete


See also

References

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