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Yu, H, Li, X, Marchetto, GS, Dy, R, Hunter, D, Calvo, B, Dawson, TL, Wilm, M, Anderegg, RJ, Graves, LM and Earp, HS (1996) Activation of a novel calcium-dependent protein-tyrosine kinase. Correlation with c-Jun N-terminal kinase but not mitogen-activated protein kinase activation. J. Biol. Chem. 271:29993-8


Many G protein-coupled receptors (e.g. that of angiotensin II) activate phospholipase Cbeta, initially increasing intracellular calcium and activating protein kinase C. In the WB and GN4 rat liver epithelial cell lines, agonist-induced calcium signals also stimulate tyrosine phosphorylation and subsequently increase the activity of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK). We have now purified the major calcium-dependent tyrosine kinase (CADTK), and by peptide and nucleic acid sequencing identified it as a rat homologue of human PYK2. CADTK/PYK2 is most closely related to p125(FAK) and both enzymes are expressed in WB and GN4 cells. Angiotensin II, which only slightly increases p125(FAK) tyrosine phosphorylation in GN4 cells, substantially increased CADTK tyrosine autophosphorylation and kinase activity. Agonists for other G protein-coupled receptors (e.g. LPA), or those increasing intracellular calcium (thapsigargin), also stimulated CADTK. In comparing the two rat liver cell lines, GN4 cells exhibited approximately 5-fold greater angiotensin II- and thapsigargin-dependent CADTK activation than WB cells. Although maximal JNK activation by stress-dependent pathways (e.g. UV and anisomycin) was equivalent in the two cell lines, calcium-dependent JNK activation was 5-fold greater in GN4, correlating with CADTK activation. In contrast to JNK, the thapsigargin-dependent calcium signal did not activate mitogen-activated protein kinase and Ang II-dependent mitogen-activated protein kinase activation was not correlated with CADTK activation. Finally, while some stress-dependent activators of the JNK pathway (NaCl and sorbitol) stimulated CADTK, others (anisomycin, UV, and TNFalpha) did not. In summary, cells expressing CADTK/PYK2 appear to have two alternative JNK activation pathways: one stress-activated and the other calcium-dependent.




Amino Acid Sequence; Animals; Calcium/metabolism; Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinases/metabolism; Cell Line; DNA, Complementary; Enzyme Activation; Humans; JNK Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases; Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases; Mitogens/pharmacology; Molecular Sequence Data; Protein-Tyrosine Kinases/metabolism; Rats



Gene product Qualifier GO Term Evidence Code with/from Aspect Extension Notes Status



GO:0004713: protein tyrosine kinase activity

ECO:0000304: author statement supported by traceable reference used in manual assertion


Seeded From UniProt


See also


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