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PMID:8824590

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Citation

Chin-Sang, ID and Spence, AM (1996) Caenorhabditis elegans sex-determining protein FEM-2 is a protein phosphatase that promotes male development and interacts directly with FEM-3. Genes Dev. 10:2314-25

Abstract

Male sexual development in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans requires the genes fem-1, fem-2, and fem-3. The current model of sex determination portrays the FEM proteins as components of a novel signal transduction pathway, but the mechanisms involved in signaling through the pathway are not understood. We report the isolation of fem-2 cDNAs in a yeast two-hybrid screen for clones encoding proteins that interact with FEM-3. Association of FEM-3 and FEM-2 in two independent in vitro binding assays substantiates the interaction detected in the two-hybrid system. FEM-2 is related in sequence to protein serine/threonine phosphatases of Type 2C (PP2C). We demonstrate that FEM-2 exhibits magnesium-dependent casein phosphatase activity, typical of PP2C, in vitro. Point mutations that abolish the casein phosphatase activity of FEM-2 without affecting its FEM-3-binding activity reduce severely its ability to rescue male development in fem-2 mutant nematodes. These results suggest that protein phosphorylation regulates sex determination in C. elegans.

Links

PubMed

Keywords

Amino Acid Sequence; Animals; Caenorhabditis elegans/enzymology; Caenorhabditis elegans/physiology; Caenorhabditis elegans Proteins; Enzyme Activation/genetics; Helminth Proteins/chemistry; Helminth Proteins/genetics; Helminth Proteins/metabolism; Hybrid Cells; Male; Molecular Sequence Data; Mutation; Phosphoprotein Phosphatases/chemistry; Phosphoprotein Phosphatases/metabolism; Protein Phosphatase 2; Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins; Sequence Homology, Amino Acid; Sex Differentiation/genetics; Yeasts/genetics

Significance

Annotations

Gene product Qualifier GO Term Evidence Code with/from Aspect Extension Notes Status

CAEEL:H2L280

enables

GO:0005515: protein binding

ECO:0000353: physical interaction evidence used in manual assertion

WB:WBGene00001413

F

Seeded From UniProt

complete

CAEEL:FEM1

involved_in

GO:0007530: sex determination

ECO:0000315: mutant phenotype evidence used in manual assertion

P

Seeded From UniProt

complete

CAEEL:FEM3

enables

GO:0005515: protein binding

ECO:0000353: physical interaction evidence used in manual assertion

WB:WBGene00001413

F

Seeded From UniProt

complete

CAEEL:FEM3

involved_in

GO:0007530: sex determination

ECO:0000315: mutant phenotype evidence used in manual assertion

P

Seeded From UniProt

complete

CAEEL:FEM2

enables

GO:0004722: protein serine/threonine phosphatase activity

ECO:0000314: direct assay evidence used in manual assertion

F

Seeded From UniProt

complete

CAEEL:FEM2

involved_in

GO:0006470: protein dephosphorylation

ECO:0000314: direct assay evidence used in manual assertion

P

Seeded From UniProt

complete

CAEEL:FEM2

involved_in

GO:0045138: nematode male tail tip morphogenesis

ECO:0000315: mutant phenotype evidence used in manual assertion

WB:WBVar00144567

P

Seeded From UniProt

complete

CAEEL:FEM2

involved_in

GO:0030238: male sex determination

ECO:0000315: mutant phenotype evidence used in manual assertion

WB:WBVar00144567

P

Seeded From UniProt

complete

CAEEL:FEM2

involved_in

GO:0042006: masculinization of hermaphroditic germ-line

ECO:0000315: mutant phenotype evidence used in manual assertion

WB:WBVar00144567

P

Seeded From UniProt

complete

CAEEL:FEM2

enables

GO:0005515: protein binding

ECO:0000353: physical interaction evidence used in manual assertion

WB:WBGene00001413

F

Seeded From UniProt

complete

CAEEL:FEM2

involved_in

GO:0007530: sex determination

ECO:0000315: mutant phenotype evidence used in manual assertion

P

Seeded From UniProt

complete


See also

References

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