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Duriez, B, Duquesnoy, P, Dastot, F, Bougnères, P, Amselem, S and Goossens, M (1994) An exon-skipping mutation in the btk gene of a patient with X-linked agammaglobulinemia and isolated growth hormone deficiency. FEBS Lett. 346:165-70


X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA) is an inherited immunodeficiency disease associated with a block in differentiation from pre-B to B cells. The XLA gene encodes a 659 amino acids cytoplasmic protein tyrosine kinase named btk (Bruton's tyrosine kinase). The few btk gene alterations so far reported in XLA patients are heterogenous and distributed in all domains of the btk protein. They appear to be responsible for a range of B cell immunodeficiency disorders of variable severity. Rare families in which XLA is inherited together with isolated growth hormone deficiency (IGHD) have been reported. Genetic analysis has shown that this disease association maps to the same region of the X chromosome as XLA, but whether the two phenotypes are caused by a common or different developmental or biochemical mechanism is unknown. We have analyzed the btk gene of a patient with XLA and IGHD. RT-PCR analysis of btk transcripts, sequencing data obtained from cDNA and genomic DNA and in vitro splicing assays showed that an intronic point mutation (1882 + 5G-->A) is responsible for skipping of an exon located in the tyrosine kinase domain. This exon-skipping event results in a frameshift leading to a premature stop codon 14 amino acids downstream, and in the loss of the last 61 residues of the carboxy-terminal end of the protein. Although we studied a sporadic case, the results suggest that an alteration of the btk gene might cause this unusual phenotype.




Agammaglobulinemia/genetics; B-Lymphocytes/enzymology; Base Sequence; Cell Line, Transformed; Child, Preschool; Exons; Genetic Linkage; Growth Hormone/deficiency; Herpesvirus 4, Human; Humans; Introns; Male; Molecular Sequence Data; Mutation; Polymerase Chain Reaction; Protein-Tyrosine Kinases/genetics; RNA Splicing; RNA, Messenger/chemistry; RNA, Messenger/metabolism; X Chromosome



Gene product Qualifier GO Term Evidence Code with/from Aspect Extension Notes Status



GO:0007498: mesoderm development

ECO:0000304: author statement supported by traceable reference used in manual assertion


Seeded From UniProt


See also


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