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PMID:7876086

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Citation

McIntosh, JM, Ghomashchi, F, Gelb, MH, Dooley, DJ, Stoehr, SJ, Giordani, AB, Naisbitt, SR and Olivera, BM (1995) Conodipine-M, a novel phospholipase A2 isolated from the venom of the marine snail Conus magus. J. Biol. Chem. 270:3518-26

Abstract

We describe the purification and first biochemical characterization of an enzymatic activity in venom from the marine snail Conus magus. This enzyme, named conodipine-M, is a novel phospholipase A2 with a molecular mass of 13.6 kDa and is comprised of two polypeptide chains linked by one or more disulfide bonds. The amino acid sequence of conodipine-M shows little if any homology to other previously sequenced phospholipase A2 enzymes (PLA2s). Conodipine-M thus represents a new group of PLA2s. This is remarkable, since conodipine-M displays a number of properties that are similar to those of previously characterized 14-kDa PLA2s. The enzyme shows little, if any, phospholipase A1, diacyglycerol lipase, triacylglycerol lipase, or lysophospholipase activities. Conodipine-M hydrolyzes the sn-2 ester of various preparations of phospholipid only in the presence of calcium and with specific activities that are comparable to those of well known 14-kDa snake venom and pancreatic PLA2s. The Conus enzyme binds tightly to vesicles of the negatively charged phospholipid 1,2-dimyristoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphomethanol and catalyzes the hydrolysis of this substrate in a processive fashion. Conodipine-M does not significantly discriminate against phospholipids with unsaturated versus saturated fatty acids at the sn-2 position or with different polar head groups. Linoleoyl amide and a phospholipid analog containing an alkylphosphono group at the sn-2 position are potent inhibitors of conodipine-M. We suggest that the functional resemblance of conodipine-M to other PLA2s might be explained by the utilization of similar catalytic residues.

Links

PubMed

Keywords

Amino Acid Sequence; Animals; Calcium/metabolism; Molecular Sequence Data; Mollusk Venoms/enzymology; Phospholipases A/antagonists & inhibitors; Phospholipases A/chemistry; Phospholipases A/isolation & purification; Phospholipases A/metabolism; Phospholipases A1; Phospholipases A2; Phospholipases A2, Secretory; Sequence Homology, Amino Acid; Snails/enzymology; Substrate Specificity

Significance

Annotations

Gene product Qualifier GO Term Evidence Code with/from Aspect Extension Notes Status

CONMA:COMB

involved_in

GO:0016042: lipid catabolic process

ECO:0000314: direct assay evidence used in manual assertion

P

Seeded From UniProt

complete

CONMA:COMB

GO:0016042: lipid catabolic process

ECO:0000314:

P

Fig. 4 Addition of conodipine-M to DMPM vesicle leads to onset of lipolysis

complete
CACAO 3523

CONMA:COMB

GO:0050790: regulation of catalytic activity

ECO:0000314:

P

fig. 6 Calcium dependence of the conodipine-M-catalyzed hydrolysis

complete
CACAO 3528


See also

References

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