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PMID:25331951

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Citation

Gray, EJ, Petsalaki, E, James, DA, Bagshaw, RD, Stacey, MM, Rocks, O, Gingras, AC and Pawson, T (2014) Src homology 2 domain containing protein 5 (SH2D5) binds the breakpoint cluster region protein, BCR, and regulates levels of Rac1-GTP. J. Biol. Chem. 289:35397-408

Abstract

SH2D5 is a mammalian-specific, uncharacterized adaptor-like protein that contains an N-terminal phosphotyrosine-binding domain and a C-terminal Src homology 2 (SH2) domain. We show that SH2D5 is highly enriched in adult mouse brain, particularly in Purkinjie cells in the cerebellum and the cornu ammonis of the hippocampus. Despite harboring two potential phosphotyrosine (Tyr(P)) recognition domains, SH2D5 binds minimally to Tyr(P) ligands, consistent with the absence of a conserved Tyr(P)-binding arginine residue in the SH2 domain. Immunoprecipitation coupled to mass spectrometry (IP-MS) from cultured cells revealed a prominent association of SH2D5 with breakpoint cluster region protein, a RacGAP that is also highly expressed in brain. This interaction occurred between the phosphotyrosine-binding domain of SH2D5 and an NxxF motif located within the N-terminal region of the breakpoint cluster region. siRNA-mediated depletion of SH2D5 in a neuroblastoma cell line, B35, induced a cell rounding phenotype correlated with low levels of activated Rac1-GTP, suggesting that SH2D5 affects Rac1-GTP levels. Taken together, our data provide the first characterization of the SH2D5 signaling protein.

Links

PubMed PMC4271225 Online version:10.1074/jbc.M114.615112

Keywords

Amino Acid Motifs/genetics; Amino Acid Sequence; Animals; Brain/cytology; Brain/metabolism; Cell Line, Tumor; GTPase-Activating Proteins/genetics; GTPase-Activating Proteins/metabolism; HEK293 Cells; Humans; Immunoblotting; Immunohistochemistry; K562 Cells; Male; Mice, Inbred C57BL; Neuroblastoma/genetics; Neuroblastoma/metabolism; Neuroblastoma/pathology; Neurons/metabolism; Phosphotyrosine/metabolism; Protein Binding; Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcr/genetics; Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcr/metabolism; RNA Interference; Rats; Shc Signaling Adaptor Proteins/genetics; Shc Signaling Adaptor Proteins/metabolism; rac1 GTP-Binding Protein/genetics; rac1 GTP-Binding Protein/metabolism

Significance

Annotations

Gene product Qualifier GO Term Evidence Code with/from Aspect Extension Notes Status

MOUSE:A2AM67

enables

GO:0005515: protein binding

ECO:0000353: physical interaction evidence used in manual assertion

UniProtKB:P11274

F

Seeded From UniProt

complete

HUMAN:BCR

enables

GO:0005515: protein binding

ECO:0000353: physical interaction evidence used in manual assertion

UniProtKB:A2AM67

F

Seeded From UniProt

complete

HUMAN:BCR

enables

GO:0005515: protein binding

ECO:0000353: physical interaction evidence used in manual assertion

UniProtKB:Q6ZV89-1

F

Seeded From UniProt

complete

HUMAN:BCR

enables

GO:0005515: protein binding

ECO:0000353: physical interaction evidence used in manual assertion

UniProtKB:Q8JZW5

F

Seeded From UniProt

complete

MOUSE:BCR

enables

GO:0005515: protein binding

ECO:0000353: physical interaction evidence used in manual assertion

UniProtKB:Q8JZW5

F

Seeded From UniProt

complete

MOUSE:BCR

located_in

GO:0014069: postsynaptic density

ECO:0000314: direct assay evidence used in manual assertion

C

Seeded From UniProt

complete

HUMAN:SH2D5

enables

GO:0005515: protein binding

ECO:0000353: physical interaction evidence used in manual assertion

UniProtKB:P11274

F

Seeded From UniProt

complete

MOUSE:SH2D5

enables

GO:0005515: protein binding

ECO:0000353: physical interaction evidence used in manual assertion

UniProtKB:Q6PAJ1

F

Seeded From UniProt

complete

MOUSE:SH2D5

located_in

GO:0014069: postsynaptic density

ECO:0000314: direct assay evidence used in manual assertion

C

Seeded From UniProt

complete

MOUSE:SH2D5

enables

GO:0005515: protein binding

ECO:0000353: physical interaction evidence used in manual assertion

UniProtKB:P11274

F

Seeded From UniProt

complete

MOUSE:BCR

part_of

GO:0014069: postsynaptic density

ECO:0000314: direct assay evidence used in manual assertion

C

Seeded From UniProt

complete

Notes

See also

References

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