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PMID:23682711

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Citation

Kim, JH, Frederick, RO, Reinen, NM, Troupis, AT and Markley, JL (2013) [2Fe-2S]-ferredoxin binds directly to cysteine desulfurase and supplies an electron for iron-sulfur cluster assembly but is displaced by the scaffold protein or bacterial frataxin. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 135:8117-20

Abstract

Escherichia coli [2Fe-2S]-ferredoxin (Fdx) is encoded by the isc operon along with other proteins involved in the 'house-keeping' mechanism of iron-sulfur cluster biogenesis. Although it has been proposed that Fdx supplies electrons to reduce sulfane sulfur (S(0)) produced by the cysteine desulfurase (IscS) to sulfide (S(2-)) as required for the assembly of Fe-S clusters on the scaffold protein (IscU), direct experimental evidence for the role of Fdx has been lacking. Here, we show that Fdx (in either oxidation state) interacts directly with IscS. The interaction face on Fdx was found to include residues close to its Fe-S cluster. In addition, C328 of IscS, the residue known to pick up sulfur from the active site of IscS and deliver it to the Cys residues of IscU, formed a disulfide bridge with Fdx in the presence of an oxidizing agent. Electrons from reduced Fdx were transferred to IscS only in the presence of l-cysteine, but not to the C328S variant. We found that Fdx, IscU, and CyaY (the bacterial frataxin) compete for overlapping binding sites on IscS. This mutual exclusion explains the mechanism by which CyaY inhibits Fe-S cluster biogenesis. These results (1) show that reduced Fdx supplies one electron to the IscS complex as S(0) is produced by the enzymatic conversion of Cys to Ala and (2) explain the role of Fdx as a member of the isc operon.

Links

PubMed PMC3677232 Online version:10.1021/ja401950a

Keywords

Binding Sites; Carbon-Sulfur Lyases/chemistry; Carbon-Sulfur Lyases/metabolism; Crystallography, X-Ray; Electrons; Escherichia coli/chemistry; Escherichia coli/metabolism; Ferredoxins/chemistry; Ferredoxins/metabolism; Iron/chemistry; Iron/metabolism; Iron-Binding Proteins/chemistry; Iron-Binding Proteins/metabolism; Models, Molecular; Sulfur/chemistry; Sulfur/metabolism

Significance

Annotations

Gene product Qualifier GO Term Evidence Code with/from Aspect Extension Notes Status

ECOLI:FER

enables

GO:0009055: electron transfer activity

ECO:0000314: direct assay evidence used in manual assertion

F

Seeded From UniProt

complete

ECOLI:FER

involved_in

GO:0016226: iron-sulfur cluster assembly

ECO:0000353: physical interaction evidence used in manual assertion

UniProtKB:P0A6B7

P

Seeded From UniProt

complete

Notes

See also

References

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