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PMID:21832243

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Citation

Xie, L, Vo-Ransdell, C, Abel, B, Willoughby, C, Jang, S and Sowa, G (2011) Caveolin-2 is a negative regulator of anti-proliferative function and signaling of transforming growth factor-β in endothelial cells. Am. J. Physiol., Cell Physiol. 301:C1161-74

Abstract

Using a combination of wild-type (WT) and caveolin-2 (Cav-2) knockout along with retroviral reexpression approaches, we provide the evidence for the negative role of Cav-2 in regulating anti-proliferative function and signaling of transforming growth factor β (TGF-β) in endothelial cells (ECs). Although, TGF-β had a modest inhibitory effect on WT ECs, it profoundly inhibited proliferation of Cav-2 knockout ECs. To confirm the specificity of the observed difference in response to TGF-β, we have stably reexpressed Cav-2 in Cav-2 knockout ECs using a retroviral approach. Similar to WT ECs, the anti-proliferative effect of TGF-β was dramatically reduced in the Cav-2 reexpressing ECs. The reduced anti-proliferative effect of TGF-β in Cav-2-positive cells was evidenced by three independent proliferation assays: 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT), cell count, and bromodeoxyuridine incorporation and correlated with a loss of TGF-β-mediated upregulation of cell cycle inhibitor p27 and subsequent reduction of the levels of hyperphosphorylated (inactive) form of the retinoblastoma protein in Cav-2 reexpressing ECs. Mechanistically, Cav-2 inhibits anti-proliferative action of TGF-β by suppressing Alk5-Smad2/3 pathway manifested by reduced magnitude and length of TGF-β-induced Smad2/3 phosphorylation as well as activation of activin receptor-like kinase-5 (Alk5)-Smad2/3 target genes plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 and collagen type I in Cav-2-positive ECs. Expression of Cav-2 does not appear to significantly change targeting of TGF-β receptors I and Smad2/3 to caveolar and lipid raft microdomains as determined by sucrose fractionation gradient. Overall, the negative regulation of TGF-β signaling and function by Cav-2 is independent of Cav-1 expression levels and is not because of changing targeting of Cav-1 protein to plasma membrane lipid raft/caveolar domains.

Links

PubMed PMC3213920 Online version:10.1152/ajpcell.00486.2010

Keywords

Animals; Caveolin 2/metabolism; Cell Proliferation/drug effects; Cells, Cultured; Collagen Type I/metabolism; Endothelial Cells/drug effects; Lung/drug effects; Lung/metabolism; Membrane Microdomains/metabolism; Mice; Mice, Inbred C57BL; Mice, Knockout; Phosphorylation; Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor 1/metabolism; Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism; Receptors, Transforming Growth Factor beta/metabolism; Retinoblastoma Protein/metabolism; Signal Transduction/drug effects; Smad2 Protein/metabolism; Smad3 Protein/metabolism; Transforming Growth Factor beta/drug effects

Significance

Annotations

Gene product Qualifier GO Term Evidence Code with/from Aspect Extension Notes Status

MOUSE:TGFR1

acts_upstream_of_or_within

GO:0001937: negative regulation of endothelial cell proliferation

ECO:0000316: genetic interaction evidence used in manual assertion

MGI:MGI:107571

P

Seeded From UniProt

complete

MOUSE:TGFR1

acts_upstream_of_or_within

GO:0007179: transforming growth factor beta receptor signaling pathway

ECO:0000315: mutant phenotype evidence used in manual assertion

P

  • occurs_in:(CL:0000115)
  • occurs_in:(EMAPA:16728)

Seeded From UniProt

complete

MOUSE:CAV2

acts_upstream_of_or_within

GO:0001938: positive regulation of endothelial cell proliferation

ECO:0000316: genetic interaction evidence used in manual assertion

MGI:MGI:98728

P

Seeded From UniProt

complete

MOUSE:CAV2

acts_upstream_of_or_within

GO:0030512: negative regulation of transforming growth factor beta receptor signaling pathway

ECO:0000316: genetic interaction evidence used in manual assertion

MGI:MGI:98728

P

  • regulates_o_occurs_in:(CL:0000115)
  • regulates_o_occurs_in:(EMAPA:16728)

Seeded From UniProt

complete

MOUSE:CAV2

located_in

GO:0005901: caveola

ECO:0000314: direct assay evidence used in manual assertion

C

Seeded From UniProt

complete


See also

References

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