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PMID:21818371

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Citation

Takashima, N, Odaka, YS, Sakoori, K, Akagi, T, Hashikawa, T, Morimura, N, Yamada, K and Aruga, J (2011) Impaired cognitive function and altered hippocampal synapse morphology in mice lacking Lrrtm1, a gene associated with schizophrenia. PLoS ONE 6:e22716

Abstract

Recent genetic linkage analysis has shown that LRRTM1 (Leucine rich repeat transmembrane neuronal 1) is associated with schizophrenia. Here, we characterized Lrrtm1 knockout mice behaviorally and morphologically. Systematic behavioral analysis revealed reduced locomotor activity in the early dark phase, altered behavioral responses to novel environments (open-field box, light-dark box, elevated plus maze, and hole board), avoidance of approach to large inanimate objects, social discrimination deficit, and spatial memory deficit. Upon administration of the NMDA receptor antagonist MK-801, Lrrtm1 knockout mice showed both locomotive activities in the open-field box and responses to the inanimate object that were distinct from those of wild-type mice, suggesting that altered glutamatergic transmission underlay the behavioral abnormalities. Furthermore, administration of a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (fluoxetine) rescued the abnormality in the elevated plus maze. Morphologically, the brains of Lrrtm1 knockout mice showed reduction in total hippocampus size and reduced synaptic density. The hippocampal synapses were characterized by elongated spines and diffusely distributed synaptic vesicles, indicating the role of Lrrtm1 in maintaining synaptic integrity. Although the pharmacobehavioral phenotype was not entirely characteristic of those of schizophrenia model animals, the impaired cognitive function may warrant the further study of LRRTM1 in relevance to schizophrenia.

Links

PubMed PMC3144940 Online version:10.1371/journal.pone.0022716

Keywords

Adaptation, Psychological/drug effects; Animals; Antipsychotic Agents/administration & dosage; Antipsychotic Agents/pharmacology; Antipsychotic Agents/therapeutic use; Behavior, Animal/drug effects; Clozapine/administration & dosage; Clozapine/pharmacology; Clozapine/therapeutic use; Cognition/drug effects; Cognition/physiology; Dizocilpine Maleate/administration & dosage; Dizocilpine Maleate/pharmacology; Environment; Fluoxetine/administration & dosage; Fluoxetine/pharmacology; Fluoxetine/therapeutic use; Gene Targeting; Genetic Predisposition to Disease; Hippocampus/drug effects; Hippocampus/pathology; Hippocampus/physiopathology; Hippocampus/ultrastructure; Memory/drug effects; Memory/physiology; Mice; Mice, Knockout; Neural Cell Adhesion Molecules/deficiency; Neural Cell Adhesion Molecules/genetics; Neural Cell Adhesion Molecules/metabolism; Schizophrenia/drug therapy; Schizophrenia/genetics; Schizophrenia/physiopathology; Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors/administration & dosage; Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors/pharmacology; Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors/therapeutic use; Synapses/drug effects; Synapses/pathology; Synapses/ultrastructure

Significance

Annotations

Gene product Qualifier GO Term Evidence Code with/from Aspect Extension Notes Status

MOUSE:LRRT1

acts_upstream_of_or_within

GO:0007626: locomotory behavior

ECO:0000315: mutant phenotype evidence used in manual assertion

MGI:MGI:5085889

P

Seeded From UniProt

complete

MOUSE:LRRT1

acts_upstream_of_or_within

GO:0050808: synapse organization

ECO:0000315: mutant phenotype evidence used in manual assertion

MGI:MGI:5085889

P

  • occurs_in:(EMAPA:32768)

Seeded From UniProt

complete


See also

References

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