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Leonardi, J, Fernandez-Valdivia, R, Li, YD, Simcox, AA and Jafar-Nejad, H (2011) Multiple O-glucosylation sites on Notch function as a buffer against temperature-dependent loss of signaling. Development 138:3569-78


Mutations in Drosophila rumi result in a temperature-sensitive loss of Notch signaling. Rumi is a protein O-glucosyltransferase that adds glucose to EGF repeats with a C-X-S-X-P-C consensus sequence. Eighteen of the 36 EGF repeats in the Drosophila Notch receptor contain the consensus O-glucosylation motif. However, the contribution of individual O-glucose residues on Notch to the regulation of Notch signaling is not known. To address this issue, we carried out a mutational analysis of these glucosylation sites and determined their effects on Notch activity in vivo. Our results indicate that even though no single O-glucose mutation causes a significant decrease in Notch activity, all of the glucose residues on Notch contribute in additive and/or redundant fashions to maintain robust signaling, especially at higher temperatures. O-glucose motifs in and around the ligand-binding EGF repeats play a more important role than those in other EGF repeats of Notch. However, a single O-glucose mutation in EGF12 can be compensated by other O-glucose residues in neighboring EGF repeats. Moreover, timecourse cell aggregation experiments using a rumi null cell line indicate that a complete lack of Rumi does not affect Notch-Delta binding at high temperature. In addition, rumi fully suppresses the gain-of-function phenotype of a ligand-independent mutant form of Notch. Our data suggest that, at physiological levels of Notch, the combined effects of multiple O-glucose residues on this receptor allow productive S2 cleavage at high temperatures and thereby serve as a buffer against temperature-dependent loss of Notch signaling.


PubMed PMC3143569 Online version:10.1242/dev.068361


Animals; Drosophila Proteins/genetics; Drosophila Proteins/metabolism; Drosophila melanogaster/genetics; Drosophila melanogaster/growth & development; Drosophila melanogaster/metabolism; Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental; Genome, Insect; Glucose/metabolism; Glucosyltransferases/genetics; Glucosyltransferases/metabolism; Mutation; Receptors, Notch/genetics; Receptors, Notch/metabolism; Signal Transduction; Temperature; Transgenes



Gene product Qualifier GO Term Evidence Code with/from Aspect Extension Notes Status



GO:0009986: cell surface

ECO:0000314: direct assay evidence used in manual assertion


Seeded From UniProt




GO:0045747: positive regulation of Notch signaling pathway

ECO:0000316: genetic interaction evidence used in manual assertion



Seeded From UniProt


See also


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