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PMID:21458413

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Citation

Meder, B, Scholz, EP, Hassel, D, Wolff, C, Just, S, Berger, IM, Patzel, E, Karle, C, Katus, HA and Rottbauer, W (2011) Reconstitution of defective protein trafficking rescues Long-QT syndrome in zebrafish. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 408:218-24

Abstract

Inherited cardiac arrhythmias are caused by genetic defects in ion channels and associated proteins. Mutations in these channels often do not affect their biophysical properties, but rather interfere with their trafficking to the cell membrane. Accordingly, strategies that could reroute the mutated channels to the membrane should be sufficient to restore the electrical properties of the affected cells, thereby suppressing the underlying arrhythmia. We identified here both, embryonic and adult zebrafish breakdance (bre) as a valuable model for human Long-QT syndrome. Electrocardiograms of adult homozygous bre mutants exhibit significant QT prolongation caused by delayed repolarization of the ventricle. We further show that the bre mutation (zERG(I59S)) disrupts ERG protein trafficking, thereby reducing the amount of active potassium channels on the cell membrane. Interestingly, improvement of channel trafficking by cisapride or dimethylsulfoxid is sufficient to reconstitute ERG channels on the cell membrane in a manner that suffices to suppress the Long-QT induced arrhythmia in breakdance mutant zebrafish. In summary, we show for the first time that therapeutic intervention can cure protein trafficking defects and the associated cardiac arrhythmia in vivo.

Links

PubMed Online version:10.1016/j.bbrc.2011.03.121

Keywords

Animals; Disease Models, Animal; Ether-A-Go-Go Potassium Channels/genetics; Ether-A-Go-Go Potassium Channels/metabolism; HEK293 Cells; Heart Rate/genetics; Humans; Long QT Syndrome/genetics; Long QT Syndrome/metabolism; Long QT Syndrome/physiopathology; Mutation; Protein Transport/genetics; Ventricular Dysfunction/genetics; Ventricular Dysfunction/physiopathology; Zebrafish; Zebrafish Proteins/genetics; Zebrafish Proteins/metabolism

Significance

Annotations

Gene product Qualifier GO Term Evidence Code with/from Aspect Extension Notes Status

DANRE:B3DJX4

involved_in

GO:0060307: regulation of ventricular cardiac muscle cell membrane repolarization

ECO:0000315: mutant phenotype evidence used in manual assertion

ZFIN:ZDB-GENO-070808-14

P

Seeded From UniProt

complete

DANRE:E9QJ94

involved_in

GO:0060307: regulation of ventricular cardiac muscle cell membrane repolarization

ECO:0000315: mutant phenotype evidence used in manual assertion

ZFIN:ZDB-GENO-070808-14

P

Seeded From UniProt

complete

DANRE:Q8JH78

involved_in

GO:0060307: regulation of ventricular cardiac muscle cell membrane repolarization

ECO:0000315: mutant phenotype evidence used in manual assertion

ZFIN:ZDB-GENO-070808-14

P

Seeded From UniProt

complete


See also

References

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