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PMID:20709814

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Citation

Li, Y, Shen, Y, Cai, C, Zhong, C, Zhu, L, Yuan, M and Ren, H (2010) The type II Arabidopsis formin14 interacts with microtubules and microfilaments to regulate cell division. Plant Cell 22:2710-26

Abstract

Formins have long been known to regulate microfilaments but have also recently been shown to associate with microtubules. In this study, Arabidopsis thaliana FORMIN14 (AFH14), a type II formin, was found to regulate both microtubule and microfilament arrays. AFH14 expressed in BY-2 cells was shown to decorate preprophase bands, spindles, and phragmoplasts and to induce coalignment of microtubules with microfilaments. These effects perturbed the process of cell division. Localization of AFH14 to microtubule-based structures was confirmed in Arabidopsis suspension cells. Knockdown of AFH14 in mitotic cells altered interactions between microtubules and microfilaments, resulting in the formation of an abnormal mitotic apparatus. In Arabidopsis afh14 T-DNA insertion mutants, microtubule arrays displayed abnormalities during the meiosis-associated process of microspore formation, which corresponded to altered phenotypes during tetrad formation. In vitro biochemical experiments showed that AFH14 bound directly to either microtubules or microfilaments and that the FH2 domain was essential for cytoskeleton binding and bundling. However, in the presence of both microtubules and microfilaments, AFH14 promoted interactions between microtubules and microfilaments. These results demonstrate that AFH14 is a unique plant formin that functions as a linking protein between microtubules and microfilaments and thus plays important roles in the process of plant cell division.

Links

PubMed PMC2947165 Online version:10.1105/tpc.110.075507

Keywords

Actin Cytoskeleton/metabolism; Arabidopsis/cytology; Arabidopsis/genetics; Arabidopsis/metabolism; Arabidopsis Proteins/genetics; Arabidopsis Proteins/metabolism; Cell Division; Cloning, Molecular; Gene Knockdown Techniques; Microfilament Proteins/genetics; Microfilament Proteins/metabolism; Microtubules/metabolism; Mutagenesis, Insertional

Significance

Annotations

Gene product Qualifier GO Term Evidence Code with/from Aspect Extension Notes Status

ARATH:FH14

enables

GO:0051015: actin filament binding

ECO:0000314: direct assay evidence used in manual assertion

F

Seeded From UniProt

complete

ARATH:FH14

enables

GO:0008017: microtubule binding

ECO:0000314: direct assay evidence used in manual assertion

F

Seeded From UniProt

complete

ARATH:FH14

part_of

GO:0005819: spindle

ECO:0000314: direct assay evidence used in manual assertion

C

Seeded From UniProt

complete

ARATH:FH14

part_of

GO:0009524: phragmoplast

ECO:0000314: direct assay evidence used in manual assertion

C

Seeded From UniProt

complete

ARATH:FH14

part_of

GO:0009574: preprophase band

ECO:0000314: direct assay evidence used in manual assertion

C

Seeded From UniProt

complete

ARATH:FH14

involved_in

GO:0009556: microsporogenesis

ECO:0000315: mutant phenotype evidence used in manual assertion

P

Seeded From UniProt

complete


See also

References

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