GONUTS has been updated to MW1.31 Most things seem to be working but be sure to report problems.

Have any questions? Please email us at ecoliwiki@gmail.com

PMID:20696708

From GONUTS
Jump to: navigation, search
Citation

Velichkova, M, Juan, J, Kadandale, P, Jean, S, Ribeiro, I, Raman, V, Stefan, C and Kiger, AA (2010) Drosophila Mtm and class II PI3K coregulate a PI(3)P pool with cortical and endolysosomal functions. J. Cell Biol. 190:407-25

Abstract

Reversible phosphoinositide phosphorylation provides a dynamic membrane code that balances opposing cell functions. However, in vivo regulatory relationships between specific kinases, phosphatases, and phosphoinositide subpools are not clear. We identified myotubularin (mtm), a Drosophila melanogaster MTM1/MTMR2 phosphoinositide phosphatase, as necessary and sufficient for immune cell protrusion formation and recruitment to wounds. Mtm-mediated turnover of endosomal phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate (PI(3)P) pools generated by both class II and III phosphatidylinositol 3-kinases (Pi3K68D and Vps34, respectively) is needed to down-regulate membrane influx, promote efflux, and maintain endolysosomal homeostasis. Endocytosis, but not endolysosomal size, contributes to cortical remodeling by mtm function. We propose that Mtm-dependent regulation of an endosomal PI(3)P pool has separable consequences for endolysosomal homeostasis and cortical remodeling. Pi3K68D depletion (but not Vps34) rescues protrusion and distribution defects in mtm-deficient immune cells and restores functions in other tissues essential for viability. The broad interactions between mtm and class II Pi3K68D suggest a novel strategy for rebalancing PI(3)P-mediated cell functions in MTM-related human disease.

Links

PubMed PMC2922644 Online version:10.1083/jcb.200911020

Keywords

Animals; Cerebral Cortex/metabolism; Drosophila; Homeostasis; Lysosomes/metabolism; Models, Biological; Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism; Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases, Non-Receptor/metabolism

Significance

Annotations

Gene product Qualifier GO Term Evidence Code with/from Aspect Extension Notes Status

DROME:Q7KPF5

involved_in

GO:0030031: cell projection assembly

ECO:0000315: mutant phenotype evidence used in manual assertion

P

Seeded From UniProt

complete

DROME:Q7KPF5

located_in

GO:0016020: membrane

ECO:0000314: direct assay evidence used in manual assertion

C

Seeded From UniProt

complete

DROME:Q7KPF5

involved_in

GO:0009611: response to wounding

ECO:0000315: mutant phenotype evidence used in manual assertion

P

Seeded From UniProt

complete

DROME:Q7KPF5

enables

GO:0004438: phosphatidylinositol-3-phosphatase activity

ECO:0000314: direct assay evidence used in manual assertion

F

Seeded From UniProt

complete

DROME:Q9VMI9

involved_in

GO:0030031: cell projection assembly

ECO:0000315: mutant phenotype evidence used in manual assertion

P

Seeded From UniProt

complete

DROME:Q9VMI9

located_in

GO:0016020: membrane

ECO:0000314: direct assay evidence used in manual assertion

C

Seeded From UniProt

complete

DROME:Q9VMI9

involved_in

GO:0009611: response to wounding

ECO:0000315: mutant phenotype evidence used in manual assertion

P

Seeded From UniProt

complete

DROME:Q9VMI9

enables

GO:0004438: phosphatidylinositol-3-phosphatase activity

ECO:0000314: direct assay evidence used in manual assertion

F

Seeded From UniProt

complete


See also

References

See Help:References for how to manage references in GONUTS.