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PMID:20688784

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Citation

Rendić, D, Sharrow, M, Katoh, T, Overcarsh, B, Nguyen, K, Kapurch, J, Aoki, K, Wilson, IB and Tiemeyer, M (2010) Neural-specific α3-fucosylation of N-linked glycans in the Drosophila embryo requires fucosyltransferase A and influences developmental signaling associated with O-glycosylation. Glycobiology 20:1353-65

Abstract

Addition of fucose (Fuc) to glycoprotein N-linked glycans or in O-linkage directly to Ser/Thr residues modulates specific cell-cell interactions and cell signaling events. Vertebrates and invertebrates add Fuc in α6-linkage to the reducing terminal N-acetylglucosamine residue of N-glycans. In Drosophila and other invertebrates, Fuc can also be added in α3-linkage to the same residue. These difucosylated N-glycans are recognized by anti-horseradish peroxidase (anti-HRP) antisera, providing a well-established marker for insect neural tissue. To understand the mechanisms and consequences of tissue-specific glycan expression, we identified a single α3-fucosyltransferase (FucTA) that produces the anti-HRP epitope in Drosophila embryos. FucTA transcripts are temporally and spatially restricted to cells that express the anti-HRP epitope and are missing in a mutant that lacks neural α3-fucosylation. Transgenic expression of FucTA, but not of any other candidate α3-fucosyltransferase, rescues the anti-HRP epitope in the embryonic nervous system of this mutant. Mass spectrometric characterization of the N-glycans of Drosophila embryos overexpressing FucTA confirms that this enzyme is indeed responsible for the biosynthesis of difucosylated glycans in vivo. Whereas ectopic expression of FucTA in the larval wing disc produces mild wing notching, the heterochronic, pan-neural expression of FucTA in early differentiating neurons generates neurogenic and cell migration phenotypes; this latter effect is associated with reduced GDP-Fuc levels in the embryo and indicates that the diversion of fucosylation resources towards fucosylation of N-glycans has an impact on developmental signaling associated with O-fucosylation.

Links

PubMed PMC2980953 Online version:10.1093/glycob/cwq119

Keywords

Animals; Drosophila/embryology; Epitopes/metabolism; Fucose/metabolism; Fucosyltransferases/metabolism; Glycosylation; Signal Transduction

Significance

Annotations

Gene product Qualifier GO Term Evidence Code with/from Aspect Extension Notes Status

DROME:FUCTA

involved_in

GO:0006486: protein glycosylation

ECO:0000315: mutant phenotype evidence used in manual assertion

P

Seeded From UniProt

complete

DROME:FUCTA

enables

GO:0046920: alpha-(1->3)-fucosyltransferase activity

ECO:0000315: mutant phenotype evidence used in manual assertion

F

Seeded From UniProt

complete


See also

References

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