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PMID:20551313

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Citation

Yeh, LK, Liu, CY, Kao, WW, Huang, CJ, Hu, FR, Chien, CL and Wang, IJ (2010) Knockdown of zebrafish lumican gene (zlum) causes scleral thinning and increased size of scleral coats. J. Biol. Chem. 285:28141-55

Abstract

The lumican gene (lum), which encodes one of the major keratan sulfate proteoglycans (KSPGs) in the vertebrate cornea and sclera, has been linked to axial myopia in humans. In this study, we chose zebrafish (Danio rerio) as an animal model to elucidate the role of lumican in the development of axial myopia. The zebrafish lumican gene (zlum) spans approximately 4.6 kb of the zebrafish genome. Like human (hLUM) and mouse (mlum), zlum consists of three exons, two introns, and a TATA box-less promoter at the 5'-flanking region of the transcription initiation site. Sequence analysis of the cDNA predicts that zLum encodes 344 amino acids. zLum shares 51% amino acid sequence identity with human lumican. Similar to hLUM and mlum, zlum mRNA is expressed in the eye and many other tissues, such as brain, muscle, and liver as well. Transgenic zebrafish harboring an enhanced GFP reporter gene construct downstream of a 1.7-kb zlum 5'-flanking region displayed enhanced GFP expression in the cornea and sclera, as well as throughout the body. Down-regulation of zlum expression by antisense zlum morpholinos manifested ocular enlargement resembling axial myopia due to disruption of the collagen fibril arrangement in the sclera and resulted in scleral thinning. Administration of muscarinic receptor antagonists, e.g. atropine and pirenzepine, effectively subdued the ocular enlargement caused by morpholinos in in vivo zebrafish larvae assays. The observation suggests that zebrafish can be used as an in vivo model for screening compounds in treating myopia.

Links

PubMed PMC2934679 Online version:10.1074/jbc.M109.043679

Keywords

Amino Acid Sequence; Animals; Animals, Genetically Modified; Cattle; Chondroitin Sulfate Proteoglycans/chemistry; Chondroitin Sulfate Proteoglycans/deficiency; Chondroitin Sulfate Proteoglycans/genetics; Chondroitin Sulfate Proteoglycans/metabolism; Collagen/metabolism; Conserved Sequence; Corneal Stroma/metabolism; Drug Evaluation, Preclinical; Gene Expression Regulation; Gene Knockdown Techniques; Humans; Keratan Sulfate/chemistry; Keratan Sulfate/deficiency; Keratan Sulfate/genetics; Keratan Sulfate/metabolism; Larva/anatomy & histology; Larva/drug effects; Mice; Molecular Sequence Data; Muscarinic Antagonists/pharmacology; Myopia/drug therapy; Organ Size/drug effects; Organ Size/genetics; Phylogeny; Promoter Regions, Genetic/genetics; RNA, Messenger/genetics; RNA, Messenger/metabolism; Rats; Sclera/anatomy & histology; Sclera/metabolism; Sclera/pathology; Sclera/ultrastructure; Sequence Alignment; Zebrafish/embryology; Zebrafish/genetics

Significance

Annotations

Gene product Qualifier GO Term Evidence Code with/from Aspect Extension Notes Status

DANRE:A8BBA0

involved_in

GO:0030199: collagen fibril organization

ECO:0000315: mutant phenotype evidence used in manual assertion

ZFIN:ZDB-MRPHLNO-100915-1

P

Seeded From UniProt

complete

DANRE:A8BBA0

involved_in

GO:0048596: embryonic camera-type eye morphogenesis

ECO:0000315: mutant phenotype evidence used in manual assertion

ZFIN:ZDB-MRPHLNO-100915-1

P

Seeded From UniProt

complete

DANRE:F1R6G3

involved_in

GO:0030199: collagen fibril organization

ECO:0000315: mutant phenotype evidence used in manual assertion

ZFIN:ZDB-MRPHLNO-100915-1

P

Seeded From UniProt

complete

DANRE:F1R6G3

involved_in

GO:0048596: embryonic camera-type eye morphogenesis

ECO:0000315: mutant phenotype evidence used in manual assertion

ZFIN:ZDB-MRPHLNO-100915-1

P

Seeded From UniProt

complete

DANRE:Q6IQQ7

involved_in

GO:0030199: collagen fibril organization

ECO:0000315: mutant phenotype evidence used in manual assertion

ZFIN:ZDB-MRPHLNO-100915-1

P

Seeded From UniProt

complete

DANRE:Q6IQQ7

involved_in

GO:0048596: embryonic camera-type eye morphogenesis

ECO:0000315: mutant phenotype evidence used in manual assertion

ZFIN:ZDB-MRPHLNO-100915-1

P

Seeded From UniProt

complete


See also

References

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