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PMID:20077023

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Citation

Cheong, YH, Sung, SJ, Kim, BG, Pandey, GK, Cho, JS, Kim, KN and Luan, S (2010) Constitutive overexpression of the calcium sensor CBL5 confers osmotic or drought stress tolerance in Arabidopsis. Mol. Cells 29:159-65

Abstract

Calcium serves as a critical messenger in many adaptation and developmental processes. Cellular calcium signals are detected and transmitted by sensor molecules such as calcium-binding proteins. In plants, the calcineurin B-like protein (CBL) family represents a unique group of calcium sensors and plays a key role in decoding calcium transients by specifically interacting with and regulating a family of CBL-interacting protein kinases (CIPKs). In this study, we report the role of Arabidopsis CBL5 gene in high salt or drought tolerance. CBL5 gene is expressed significantly in green tissues, but not in roots. CBL5 was not induced by abiotic stress conditions such as high salt, drought or low temperature. To determine whether the CBL5 gene plays a role in stress response pathways, we ectopically expressed the CBL5 protein in transgenic Arabidopsis plants (35S-CBL5) and examined plant responses to abiotic stresses. CBL5-overexpressing plants displayed enhanced tolerance to high salt or drought stress. CBL5 overexpression also rendered plants more resistant to high salt or hyperosmotic stress during early development (i.e., seed germination) but did not alter their response to abiscisic acid (ABA). Furthermore, overexpression of CBL5 alters the gene expression of stress gene markers, such as RD29A, RD29B and Kin1 etc. These results suggest that CBL5 may function as a positive regulator of salt or drought responses in plants.

Links

PubMed Online version:10.1007/s10059-010-0025-z

Keywords

Adaptation, Physiological/drug effects; Adaptation, Physiological/genetics; Arabidopsis/drug effects; Arabidopsis/genetics; Arabidopsis/physiology; Arabidopsis Proteins/genetics; Arabidopsis Proteins/metabolism; Biological Markers/metabolism; Calcium/metabolism; Calcium Signaling/drug effects; Calcium-Binding Proteins/genetics; Calcium-Binding Proteins/metabolism; Droughts; Gene Expression Profiling; Gene Expression Regulation, Plant/drug effects; Germination/drug effects; Mannitol/pharmacology; Osmosis/drug effects; Plants, Genetically Modified; Seeds/drug effects; Seeds/growth & development; Sodium Chloride/pharmacology; Stress, Physiological/drug effects; Stress, Physiological/genetics

Significance

Annotations

Gene product Qualifier GO Term Evidence Code with/from Aspect Extension Notes Status

ARATH:CNBL5

acts_upstream_of_or_within

GO:0006970: response to osmotic stress

ECO:0000315: mutant phenotype evidence used in manual assertion

P

Seeded From UniProt

complete

ARATH:CNBL5

acts_upstream_of_or_within

GO:0009651: response to salt stress

ECO:0000315: mutant phenotype evidence used in manual assertion

P

Seeded From UniProt

complete

ARATH:CNBL5

acts_upstream_of_or_within

GO:0009414: response to water deprivation

ECO:0000315: mutant phenotype evidence used in manual assertion

P

Seeded From UniProt

complete


See also

References

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