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PMID:18820081

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Citation

Rius, SP, Casati, P, Iglesias, AA and Gomez-Casati, DF (2008) Characterization of Arabidopsis lines deficient in GAPC-1, a cytosolic NAD-dependent glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase. Plant Physiol. 148:1655-67

Abstract

Phosphorylating glyceraldehyde-3-P dehydrogenase (GAPC-1) is a highly conserved cytosolic enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of glyceraldehyde-3-P to 1,3-bis-phosphoglycerate; besides its participation in glycolysis, it is thought to be involved in additional cellular functions. To reach an integrative view on the many roles played by this enzyme, we characterized a homozygous gapc-1 null mutant and an as-GAPC1 line of Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana). Both mutant plant lines show a delay in growth, morphological alterations in siliques, and low seed number. Embryo development was altered, showing abortions and empty embryonic sacs in basal and apical siliques, respectively. The gapc-1 line shows a decrease in ATP levels and reduced respiratory rate. Furthermore, both lines exhibit a decrease in the expression and activity of aconitase and succinate dehydrogenase and reduced levels of pyruvate and several Krebs cycle intermediates, as well as increased reactive oxygen species levels. Transcriptome analysis of the gapc-1 mutants unveils a differential accumulation of transcripts encoding for enzymes involved in carbon partitioning. According to these studies, some enzymes involved in carbon flux decreased (phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase, NAD-malic enzyme, glucose-6-P dehydrogenase) or increased (NAD-malate dehydrogenase) their activities compared to the wild-type line. Taken together, our data indicate that a deficiency in the cytosolic GAPC activity results in modifications of carbon flux and mitochondrial dysfunction, leading to an alteration of plant and embryo development with decreased number of seeds, indicating that GAPC-1 is essential for normal fertility in Arabidopsis plants.

Links

PubMed PMC2577239 Online version:10.1104/pp.108.128769

Keywords

Arabidopsis/embryology; Arabidopsis/enzymology; Biocatalysis; Cytosol/enzymology; Glyceraldehyde-3-Phosphate Dehydrogenases/genetics; Glyceraldehyde-3-Phosphate Dehydrogenases/metabolism; NAD/metabolism; RNA, Messenger/genetics; Seeds/growth & development

Significance

Annotations

Gene product Qualifier GO Term Evidence Code with/from Aspect Extension Notes Status

ARATH:G3PC1

acts_upstream_of_or_within

GO:0006096: glycolytic process

ECO:0000314: direct assay evidence used in manual assertion

P

Seeded From UniProt

complete

ARATH:G3PC1

acts_upstream_of_or_within

GO:0010154: fruit development

ECO:0000315: mutant phenotype evidence used in manual assertion

P

Seeded From UniProt

complete

ARATH:G3PC1

enables

GO:0008886: glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (NADP+) (non-phosphorylating) activity

ECO:0000314: direct assay evidence used in manual assertion

F

Seeded From UniProt

complete

ARATH:G3PC1

acts_upstream_of_or_within

GO:0048316: seed development

ECO:0000315: mutant phenotype evidence used in manual assertion

P

Seeded From UniProt

complete


See also

References

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