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PMID:18585373

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Citation

Xu, N, Keung, B and Myat, MM (2008) Rho GTPase controls invagination and cohesive migration of the Drosophila salivary gland through Crumbs and Rho-kinase. Dev. Biol. 321:88-100

Abstract

Coordinated cell movements shape simple epithelia into functional tissues and organs during embryogenesis. Regulators and effectors of the small GTPase Rho have been shown to be essential for epithelial morphogenesis in cell culture; however, the mechanism by which Rho GTPase and its downstream effectors control coordinated movement of epithelia in a developing tissue or organ is largely unknown. Here, we show that Rho1 GTPase activity is required for the invagination of Drosophila embryonic salivary gland epithelia and for directed migration of the internalized gland. We demonstrate that the absence of zygotic function of Rho1 results in the selective loss of the apical proteins, Crumbs (Crb), Drosophila atypical PKC and Stardust during gland invagination and that this is partially due to reduced crb RNA levels and apical localization. In parallel to regulation of crb RNA and protein, Rho1 activity also signals through Rho-kinase (Rok) to induce apical constriction and cell shape change during invagination. After invagination, Rho-Rok signaling is required again for the coordinated contraction and dorsal migration of the proximal half of the gland. We also show that Rho1 activity is required for proper development of the circular visceral mesoderm upon which the gland migrates. Our genetic and live-imaging analyses provide novel evidence that the proximal gland cells play an essential and active role in salivary gland migration that propels the entire gland to turn and migrate posteriorly.

Links

PubMed Online version:10.1016/j.ydbio.2008.06.007

Keywords

Animals; Cell Polarity; Drosophila; Drosophila Proteins/metabolism; Embryo, Nonmammalian/metabolism; Epithelial Cells/cytology; Membrane Proteins/metabolism; Salivary Glands/cytology; Salivary Glands/embryology; rho GTP-Binding Proteins/metabolism; rho-Associated Kinases/metabolism

Significance

Annotations

Gene product Qualifier GO Term Evidence Code with/from Aspect Extension Notes Status

DROME:RHO1

involved_in

GO:0007435: salivary gland morphogenesis

ECO:0000315: mutant phenotype evidence used in manual assertion

P

Seeded From UniProt

complete

DROME:RHO1

involved_in

GO:0045199: maintenance of epithelial cell apical/basal polarity

ECO:0000315: mutant phenotype evidence used in manual assertion

P

Seeded From UniProt

complete

DROME:RHO1

involved_in

GO:0016476: regulation of embryonic cell shape

ECO:0000315: mutant phenotype evidence used in manual assertion

P

Seeded From UniProt

complete


See also

References

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