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PMID:18417535

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Citation

Park, JY, Yoo, HW, Kim, BR, Park, R, Choi, SY and Kim, Y (2008) Identification of a novel human Rad51 variant that promotes DNA strand exchange. Nucleic Acids Res. 36:3226-34

Abstract

Rad51 plays a key role in the repair of DNA double-strand breaks through homologous recombination, which is the central process in the maintenance of genomic integrity. Five paralogs of the human Rad51 gene (hRad51) have been identified to date, including hRad51B, hRad51C, hRad51D, Xrcc2 and Xrcc3. In searches of additional hRad51 paralogs, we identified a novel hRad51 variant that lacked the sequence corresponding to exon 9 (hRad51-Deltaex9). The expected amino acid sequence of hRad51-Deltaex9 showed a frame-shift at codon 259, which resulted in a truncated C-terminus. RT-PCR analysis revealed that both hRad51 and hRad51-Deltaex9 were prominently expressed in the testis, but that there were subtle differences in tissue specificity. The hRad51-Deltaex9 protein was detected as a 31-kDa protein in the testis and localized at the nucleus. In addition, the hRad51-Deltaex9 protein showed a DNA-strand exchange activity comparable to that of hRad51. Taken together, these results indicate that hRad51-Deltaex9 promotes homologous pairing and DNA strand exchange in the nucleus, suggesting that alternative pathways in hRad51- or hRad51-Deltaex9-dependent manners exist for DNA recombination and repair.

Links

PubMed PMC2425499 Online version:10.1093/nar/gkn171

Keywords

Amino Acid Sequence; Blotting, Western; Cell Nucleus/enzymology; Humans; Male; Molecular Sequence Data; Polymerase Chain Reaction; RNA Splicing; Rad51 Recombinase/chemistry; Rad51 Recombinase/genetics; Rad51 Recombinase/metabolism; Sequence Homology, Amino Acid; Testis/metabolism; Tissue Distribution

Significance

Annotations

Gene product Qualifier GO Term Evidence Code with/from Aspect Extension Notes Status

HUMAN:RAD51

located_in

GO:0005634: nucleus

ECO:0000314: direct assay evidence used in manual assertion

C

Seeded From UniProt

complete

HUMAN:RAD51

part_of

GO:0005634: nucleus

ECO:0000314: direct assay evidence used in manual assertion

C

Seeded From UniProt

complete


See also

References

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