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PMID:17107947

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Citation

Cha, JY and Repa, JJ (2007) The liver X receptor (LXR) and hepatic lipogenesis. The carbohydrate-response element-binding protein is a target gene of LXR. J. Biol. Chem. 282:743-51

Abstract

The liver X receptors, LXRalpha (NR1H3) and LXRbeta (NR1H2), are ligand-activated transcription factors that belong to the nuclear hormone receptor superfamily. LXRs play a critical role in cholesterol homeostasis and bile acid metabolism. In addition, oral administration of LXR agonists to mice results in elevated hepatic fatty acid synthesis and steatosis and increased secretion of triglyceride-rich very low density lipoprotein resulting in hypertriglyceridemia. This increased hepatic lipogenesis has been largely attributed to the LXR-dependent up-regulation of sterol regulatory element-binding protein 1c (SREBP-1c) expression. However, it has been reported that treating Srebp-1c null mice with the synthetic LXR agonist T0901317 still results in enhanced expression of many lipogenic genes, suggesting additional mechanisms by which LXR can enhance hepatic lipogenesis. In this report, we identify the carbohydrate response element-binding protein (ChREBP) as an LXR target that independently enhances the up-regulation of select lipogenic genes. The ChREBP promoter contains functional LXR-binding sites that confer receptor-dependent binding and transactivation. We show that T0901317 treatment of mice is associated with up-regulation of the ChREBP target gene, liver-type pyruvate kinase. Therefore, activation of LXR not only increases ChREBP mRNA via enhanced transcription but also modulates ChREBP activity. This establishes LXR as a master lipogenic transcription factor, as it directly regulates both SREBP-1c and ChREBP to enhance hepatic fatty acid synthesis.

Links

PubMed Online version:10.1074/jbc.M605023200

Keywords

Animals; DNA-Binding Proteins/chemistry; DNA-Binding Proteins/metabolism; Fatty Acids/metabolism; Humans; Hydrocarbons, Fluorinated; Liver/metabolism; Mice; Mice, Inbred C57BL; Nuclear Proteins/metabolism; Nuclear Proteins/physiology; Orphan Nuclear Receptors; Promoter Regions, Genetic; Protein Binding; Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear/chemistry; Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear/metabolism; Response Elements; Sterol Regulatory Element Binding Protein 1/genetics; Sterol Regulatory Element Binding Protein 1/metabolism; Sulfonamides/pharmacology; Transcription Factors/metabolism; Transcription Factors/physiology; Transcriptional Activation; Triglycerides/chemistry

Significance

Annotations

Gene product Qualifier GO Term Evidence Code with/from Aspect Extension Notes Status

MOUSE:RXRA

part_of

GO:0090575: RNA polymerase II transcription regulator complex

ECO:0000314: direct assay evidence used in manual assertion

C

Seeded From UniProt

complete

MOUSE:RXRA

contributes_to

GO:0004879: nuclear receptor activity

ECO:0000314: direct assay evidence used in manual assertion

F

Seeded From UniProt

complete

MOUSE:RXRA

contributes_to

GO:0000976: transcription regulatory region sequence-specific DNA binding

ECO:0000314: direct assay evidence used in manual assertion

F

Seeded From UniProt

complete

MOUSE:RXRA

involved_in

GO:0045944: positive regulation of transcription by RNA polymerase II

ECO:0000314: direct assay evidence used in manual assertion

P

Seeded From UniProt

complete

MOUSE:NR1H3

part_of

GO:0090575: RNA polymerase II transcription regulator complex

ECO:0000314: direct assay evidence used in manual assertion

C

Seeded From UniProt

complete

MOUSE:NR1H3

contributes_to

GO:0000976: transcription regulatory region sequence-specific DNA binding

ECO:0000314: direct assay evidence used in manual assertion

F

Seeded From UniProt

complete

MOUSE:NR1H3

contributes_to

GO:0004879: nuclear receptor activity

ECO:0000314: direct assay evidence used in manual assertion

F

Seeded From UniProt

complete

MOUSE:NR1H3

part_of

GO:0090575: RNA polymerase II transcription factor complex

ECO:0000314: direct assay evidence used in manual assertion

C

Seeded From UniProt

complete

MOUSE:NR1H3

involved_in

GO:0045944: positive regulation of transcription by RNA polymerase II

ECO:0000314: direct assay evidence used in manual assertion

P

Seeded From UniProt

complete

MOUSE:NR1H3

contributes_to

GO:0044212: transcription regulatory region DNA binding

ECO:0000314: direct assay evidence used in manual assertion

F

Seeded From UniProt

complete


See also

References

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