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PMID:15939542

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Citation

Wang, HF and Liu, FC (2005) Regulation of multiple dopamine signal transduction molecules by retinoids in the developing striatum. Neuroscience 134:97-105

Abstract

Increasing evidence based on pharmacological and genetic studies suggests that retinoid signaling plays an important role in developmental control of striatal neurons. In the present report, we screened for genes that might be regulated by retinoids in the developing striatum. We cultured tissue explants from the lateral ganglionic eminence (striatal primordium), and for regional comparison, its adjacent structures of the cerebral cortex and the medial ganglionic eminence in embryonic day 15 rat telencephalon. Using the ribonuclease protection assay, we found that both all-trans retinoic acid and 9-cis retinoic acid significantly up-regulated dopamine D1 receptor, heterotrimeric G protein olfactory, adenylyl cyclase type V and dopamine- and cyclic adenosine 3':5'-monophosphate-regulated phosphoprotein mRNAs in the lateral ganglionic eminence culture. By contrast, neither all-trans retinoic acid nor 9-cis retinoic acid significantly altered D1 receptor, heterotrimeric G protein olfactory, adenylyl cyclase type V and dopamine- and cyclic adenosine 3':5'-monophosphate-regulated phosphoprotein mRNAs in the cortical and the medial ganglionic eminence cultures except that D1 receptor mRNA was dramatically induced in the medial ganglionic eminence by retinoic acid treatments. To test whether the induction of multiple dopamine signaling molecules in the lateral ganglionic eminence was due to a general enhancement of neuronal differentiation by retinoic acid, we assayed the effects of retinoic acid on other differentiation markers, including glutamate decarboxylase 65, NR1 subunit of glutamate NMDA receptor and microtubule-associated protein-2. None of these genes were significantly altered by retinoic acid treatments in the lateral ganglionic eminence culture, indicating the specificity of gene regulation by retinoic acid signaling. As D1 receptor, heterotrimeric G protein olfactory, adenylyl cyclase type V and dopamine- and cyclic adenosine 3':5'-monophosphate-regulated phosphoprotein are important molecules involved in propagation of striatal dopamine neurotransmission, our study raises the hypothesis that retinoid signaling may coordinately activate the transcriptional program that is associated with the dopamine signaling pathway in developing striatal neurons. Such coordinate regulation by retinoids may be part of the mechanisms by which the complex yet highly organized neurochemical constituents of the striatum are established during development.

Links

PubMed Online version:10.1016/j.neuroscience.2005.04.008

Keywords

Adenylyl Cyclases/genetics; Adenylyl Cyclases/metabolism; Animals; Blotting, Northern/methods; Cloning, Molecular/methods; Corpus Striatum/drug effects; Corpus Striatum/embryology; Dopamine/metabolism; Electrophoretic Mobility Shift Assay/methods; Embryo, Mammalian; Female; GTP-Binding Proteins/genetics; GTP-Binding Proteins/metabolism; Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental/drug effects; Glutamate Decarboxylase/genetics; Glutamate Decarboxylase/metabolism; Isoenzymes/genetics; Isoenzymes/metabolism; Pregnancy; Rats; Rats, Sprague-Dawley; Receptors, Dopamine D1/genetics; Receptors, Dopamine D1/metabolism; Retinoids/pharmacology; Ribonucleases/pharmacology; Signal Transduction/drug effects; Signal Transduction/physiology

Significance

Annotations

Gene product Qualifier GO Term Evidence Code with/from Aspect Extension Notes Status

RAT:DRD1

involved_in

GO:0032526: response to retinoic acid

ECO:0000270: expression pattern evidence used in manual assertion

P

Seeded From UniProt

complete

Notes

See also

References

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