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PMID:15448089

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Citation

Ogata, T, Li, L, Yamada, S, Yamamoto, Y, Tanaka, Y, Takei, I, Umezawa, K and Kojima, I (2004) Promotion of beta-cell differentiation by conophylline in fetal and neonatal rat pancreas. Diabetes 53:2596-602

Abstract

Conophylline is a vinca alkaloid extracted from the tropical plant Ervatamia microphylla and has been shown to induce differentiation of pancreatic AR42J cells. In the present study, we investigated the effect of conophylline on the differentiation of pancreatic precursor cells. In the rat pancreatic rudiment in organ culture, conophylline inhibited the formation of cystic structure and increased the number of insulin-positive cells. Conophylline also markedly increased the expression of mRNA for insulin and the number of pancreatic duodenal homeobox-1-positive cells. These effects of conophylline were similar to those of activin A. We also examined the effect of conophylline on neonatal rats treated with streptozotocin, a model of type 2 diabetes. Treatment with conophylline significantly reduced the plasma glucose concentration and improved glucose tolerance in response to glucose loading. The insulin content and the beta-cell mass at 2 months were significantly increased by conophylline. The number of islet-like cell clusters and pancreatic duodenal homeobox-1-positive ductal cells was greater in conophylline-treated rats. These results suggest that conophylline induces differentiation of pancreatic precursor cells and increases the formation of beta-cells.

Links

PubMed

Keywords

Activins/pharmacology; Animals; Animals, Newborn; Cell Culture Techniques; Cell Differentiation/drug effects; Female; Inhibin-beta Subunits/pharmacology; Islets of Langerhans/cytology; Islets of Langerhans/drug effects; Islets of Langerhans/embryology; Islets of Langerhans/growth & development; Pancreas/cytology; Pancreas/drug effects; Pancreas/embryology; Pancreas/growth & development; Pregnancy; Rats; Rats, Wistar; Vinca Alkaloids/pharmacology

Significance

Annotations

Gene product Qualifier GO Term Evidence Code with/from Aspect Extension Notes Status

RAT:PDX1

involved_in

GO:0043279: response to alkaloid

ECO:0000270: expression pattern evidence used in manual assertion

P

Seeded From UniProt

complete


See also

References

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