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PMID:14500721

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Citation

Zlot, C, Ingle, G, Hongo, J, Yang, S, Sheng, Z, Schwall, R, Paoni, N, Wang, F, Peale, FV Jr and Gerritsen, ME (2003) Stanniocalcin 1 is an autocrine modulator of endothelial angiogenic responses to hepatocyte growth factor. J. Biol. Chem. 278:47654-9

Abstract

Stanniocalcin 1 (STC1) is a secreted glycoprotein originally described as a hormone involved in calcium and phosphate homeostasis in bony fishes. We recently identified the mammalian homolog of this molecule to be highly up-regulated in an in vitro model of angiogenesis, as well as focally and intensely expressed at sites of pathological angiogenesis (e.g. tumor vasculature). In the present study, we report that STC1 is a selective modulator of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF)-induced endothelial migration and morphogenesis, but not proliferation. STC1 did not inhibit proliferative or migratory responses to vascular endothelial growth factor or basic fibroblast growth factor. The mechanism of STC1 inhibitory effects on HGF-induced endothelial migration seem to occur secondary to receptor activation because STC1 did not inhibit HGF-induced c-met receptor phosphorylation, but did block HGF-induced focal adhesion kinase activation. In the mouse femoral artery ligation model of angiogenesis, STC1 expression closely paralleled that of the endothelial marker CD31, and the peak level of STC1 expression occurred after an increase in HGF expression. We propose that STC1 may play a selective modulatory role in angiogenesis, possibly serving as a "stop signal" or stabilizing factor contributing to the maturation of newly formed blood vessels. HGF is a mesenchyme-derived pleiotropic factor with mitogenic, motogenic, and morphogenic activities on a number of different cell types. HGF effects are mediated through a specific tyrosine kinase, c-met, and aberrant HGF and c-met expression are frequently observed in a variety of tumors. Recent studies have shown HGF to be a potent growth factor implicated in wound healing, tissue regeneration, and angiogenesis.

Links

PubMed Online version:10.1074/jbc.M301353200

Keywords

Animals; Antibodies, Monoclonal/chemistry; Cell Division; Cell Movement; Cells, Cultured; Collagen/pharmacology; Dose-Response Relationship, Drug; Drug Combinations; Endothelium/metabolism; Endothelium, Vascular/cytology; Enzyme Activation; Fibroblast Growth Factor 2/metabolism; Focal Adhesion Kinase 1; Focal Adhesion Protein-Tyrosine Kinases; Genetic Vectors; Glycoproteins/physiology; Hepatocyte Growth Factor/metabolism; Humans; Laminin/pharmacology; Male; Mesoderm/metabolism; Mice; Mice, Inbred C57BL; Neovascularization, Physiologic; Phosphorylation; Protein-Tyrosine Kinases/metabolism; Proteoglycans/pharmacology; Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-met/metabolism; RNA, Messenger/metabolism; Time Factors; Umbilical Veins/cytology; Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/metabolism; Wound Healing

Significance

Annotations

Gene product Qualifier GO Term Evidence Code with/from Aspect Extension Notes Status

HUMAN:STC1

involved_in

GO:0001886: endothelial cell morphogenesis

ECO:0000314: direct assay evidence used in manual assertion

P

Seeded From UniProt

complete

HUMAN:STC1

involved_in

GO:0010596: negative regulation of endothelial cell migration

ECO:0000314: direct assay evidence used in manual assertion

P

Seeded From UniProt

complete

HUMAN:MET

involved_in

GO:0001886: endothelial cell morphogenesis

ECO:0000314: direct assay evidence used in manual assertion

P

Seeded From UniProt

complete


See also

References

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