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PMID:12970106

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Citation

Schaerlinger, B, Hickel, P, Etienne, N, Guesnier, L and Maroteaux, L (2003) Agonist actions of dihydroergotamine at 5-HT2B and 5-HT2C receptors and their possible relevance to antimigraine efficacy. Br. J. Pharmacol. 140:277-84

Abstract

1. The pharmaceutical compound, dihydroergotamine (DHE) is dispensed to prevent and reduce the occurrence of migraine attacks. Although still controversial, the prophylactic effect of this drug is believed to be caused through blockade and/or activation of numerous receptors including serotonin (5-HT) receptors of the 5-HT2 subtype. 2. To elucidate if 5-HT2 receptors (5-HT2Rs) may be involved in DHE prophylactic effect, we performed investigations aimed to determine the respective pharmacological profile of DHE and of its major metabolite 8'-hydroxy-DHE (8'-OH-DHE) at the 5-HT2B and 5-HT2CRs by binding, inositol triphosphate (IP3) or cyclic GMP (cGMP) coupling studies in transfected fibroblasts. 3. DHE and 8'-OH-DHE are competitive compounds at 5-HT2B and 5-HT2CRs. 8'-OH-DHE interaction at (5-HT2BRs) was best fitted by a biphasic competition curve and displayed the highest affinity with a Ki of 5 nm. These two compounds acted as agonists for both receptors in respect to cGMP production with pEC50 of 8.32+/-0.09 for 8'-OH-DHE at 5-HT2B and 7.83+/-0.06 at 5-HT2CRs. 4. Knowing that the antimigraine prophylactic effect of DHE is only observed after long-term treatment, we chronically exposed the recombinant cells to DHE and 8'-OH-DHE. The number of 5-HT2BR-binding sites was always more affected than 5-HT2CRs. At 5-HT2BRs, 8'-OH-DHE was more effective than DHE, with an uncoupling that persisted for more than 40 h for IP3 or cGMP. By contrast, the 5-HT2CR coupling was reversible after either treatment. 5. Chronic exposure to 8'-OH-DHE caused a persistent agonist-mediated desensitisation of 5-HT2B, but not 5-HT2CRs. This may be of relevance to therapeutic actions of the compound.

Links

PubMed PMC1574033 Online version:10.1038/sj.bjp.0705437

Keywords

Amphetamines/metabolism; Animals; Binding, Competitive; Cell Line; Cyclic GMP/metabolism; Dihydroergotamine/analogs & derivatives; Dihydroergotamine/metabolism; Dihydroergotamine/pharmacology; Humans; Inositol Phosphates/metabolism; Iodine Radioisotopes; Kinetics; Migraine Disorders/drug therapy; Migraine Disorders/prevention & control; Radioligand Assay; Receptor, Serotonin, 5-HT2B/genetics; Receptor, Serotonin, 5-HT2B/metabolism; Receptor, Serotonin, 5-HT2C/genetics; Receptor, Serotonin, 5-HT2C/metabolism; Serotonin 5-HT2 Receptor Agonists; Serotonin Receptor Agonists/pharmacology; Time Factors; Treatment Outcome

Significance

Annotations

Gene product Qualifier GO Term Evidence Code with/from Aspect Extension Notes Status

HUMAN:5HT2C

involved_in

GO:0007208: phospholipase C-activating serotonin receptor signaling pathway

ECO:0000314: direct assay evidence used in manual assertion

P

Seeded From UniProt

complete

HUMAN:5HT2C

part_of

GO:0098666: G protein-coupled serotonin receptor complex

ECO:0000314: direct assay evidence used in manual assertion

C

Seeded From UniProt

complete

HUMAN:5HT2C

located_in

GO:0005886: plasma membrane

ECO:0000314: direct assay evidence used in manual assertion

C

Seeded From UniProt

complete

HUMAN:5HT2C

enables

GO:0004993: G protein-coupled serotonin receptor activity

ECO:0000314: direct assay evidence used in manual assertion

F

Seeded From UniProt

complete

HUMAN:5HT2C

enables

GO:0051378: serotonin binding

ECO:0000314: direct assay evidence used in manual assertion

F

Seeded From UniProt

complete

HUMAN:5HT2B

part_of

GO:0098666: G protein-coupled serotonin receptor complex

ECO:0000314: direct assay evidence used in manual assertion

C

Seeded From UniProt

complete

HUMAN:5HT2B

involved_in

GO:0019934: cGMP-mediated signaling

ECO:0000314: direct assay evidence used in manual assertion

P

Seeded From UniProt

complete

HUMAN:5HT2B

involved_in

GO:0007208: phospholipase C-activating serotonin receptor signaling pathway

ECO:0000314: direct assay evidence used in manual assertion

P

Seeded From UniProt

complete

HUMAN:5HT2B

located_in

GO:0005886: plasma membrane

ECO:0000314: direct assay evidence used in manual assertion

C

Seeded From UniProt

complete

HUMAN:5HT2B

enables

GO:0004993: G protein-coupled serotonin receptor activity

ECO:0000314: direct assay evidence used in manual assertion

F

Seeded From UniProt

complete

HUMAN:5HT2B

enables

GO:0051378: serotonin binding

ECO:0000314: direct assay evidence used in manual assertion

F

Seeded From UniProt

complete

HUMAN:5HT2C

part_of

GO:0005886: plasma membrane

ECO:0000314: direct assay evidence used in manual assertion

C

Seeded From UniProt

complete

HUMAN:5HT2C

involved_in

GO:0019934: cGMP-mediated signaling

ECO:0000314: direct assay evidence used in manual assertion

P

Seeded From UniProt

complete

HUMAN:5HT2C

involved_in

GO:0007200: phospholipase C-activating G protein-coupled receptor signaling pathway

ECO:0000314: direct assay evidence used in manual assertion

P

Seeded From UniProt

complete

HUMAN:5HT2C

enables

GO:0008144: drug binding

ECO:0000314: direct assay evidence used in manual assertion

F

Seeded From UniProt

complete

Notes

See also

References

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