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PMID:12815632

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Citation

de Andrade Sá, ER, Jordão, LR, Takahashi, CA, Alvares, EP and Gama, P (2003) Ontogenic expression of TGFbeta 1, 2, and 3 and its receptors in the rat gastric mucosa. Dev. Dyn. 227:450-7

Abstract

The stomach of the rat undergoes extensive changes during the formation and maturation of gastric glands. The presence of transforming growth factor beta (TGFbeta) in rat milk and in the gastrointestinal tract of pups may suggest its role in this process. The current study evaluated the in vivo dynamic expression and distribution of TGFbeta1, beta2, beta3 and their receptors TbetaRI and TbetaRII in the gastric epithelium of 20-day fetal rats and 1-, 14-, 21-, and 30-day-old pups. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect the proteins, and staining was classified according to intensity and cell type. The results showed that the gastric epithelium expresses TGFbeta isoforms and receptors throughout development. We found that immunoreactivity paralleled the appearance of differentiated cells, such that surface mucous cells were the first to be immunostained and chief cells were the last. The intensity of reactions followed this same pattern, showing that the expression of TGFbeta isoforms spread along the gland with growth. Of interest, the highest apparent activity of TGFbeta was observed from 21 days onward, a period that is concomitant with weaning and maturation of most gastric cell types. In addition, surface mucous cells were strongly labeled at the basal cytoplasm at 14 days, suggesting an interaction with the connective tissue. In conclusion, the dynamic expression of TGFbeta1, beta2, beta3, and TbetaRI and TbetaRII through stomach development suggests significant paracrine and autocrine roles for this growth factor. We propose that temporal and spatial differences may be regulated by dietary changes, which in turn control cell proliferation and differentiation in the gastric epithelium.

Links

PubMed Online version:10.1002/dvdy.10320

Keywords

Animal Feed; Animals; Cell Differentiation; Cell Division; Cytoplasm/metabolism; Gastric Mucosa/embryology; Gastric Mucosa/pathology; Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental; Immunohistochemistry; Models, Anatomic; Protein Isoforms; Rats; Rats, Wistar; Receptors, Transforming Growth Factor beta/biosynthesis; Stomach/embryology; Stomach/metabolism; Time Factors; Tissue Distribution; Transforming Growth Factor beta/biosynthesis; Transforming Growth Factor beta1; Transforming Growth Factor beta2; Transforming Growth Factor beta3

Significance

Annotations

Gene product Qualifier GO Term Evidence Code with/from Aspect Extension Notes Status

RAT:TGFR2

located_in

GO:0005737: cytoplasm

ECO:0000314: direct assay evidence used in manual assertion

C

Seeded From UniProt

complete

RAT:TGFR2

involved_in

GO:0048565: digestive tract development

ECO:0000270: expression pattern evidence used in manual assertion

P

Seeded From UniProt

complete

RAT:TGFR1

involved_in

GO:0048565: digestive tract development

ECO:0000270: expression pattern evidence used in manual assertion

P

Seeded From UniProt

complete

RAT:TGFB2

located_in

GO:0005737: cytoplasm

ECO:0000314: direct assay evidence used in manual assertion

C

Seeded From UniProt

complete

RAT:TGFB2

involved_in

GO:0048565: digestive tract development

ECO:0000270: expression pattern evidence used in manual assertion

P

Seeded From UniProt

complete

RAT:TGFB3

involved_in

GO:0048565: digestive tract development

ECO:0000270: expression pattern evidence used in manual assertion

P

Seeded From UniProt

complete

RAT:TGFB1

involved_in

GO:0048565: digestive tract development

ECO:0000270: expression pattern evidence used in manual assertion

P

Seeded From UniProt

complete


See also

References

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