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PMID:11903051

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Citation

Mulero, V, Searle, S, Blackwell, JM and Brock, JH (2002) Solute carrier 11a1 (Slc11a1; formerly Nramp1) regulates metabolism and release of iron acquired by phagocytic, but not transferrin-receptor-mediated, iron uptake. Biochem. J. 363:89-94

Abstract

Solute carrier 11a1 (Slc11a1; formerly Nramp1; where Nramp stands for natural-resistance-associated macrophage protein) is a proton/bivalent cation antiporter that localizes to late endosomes/lysosomes and controls resistance to pathogens. In the present study the role of Slc11a1 in iron turnover is examined in macrophages transfected with Slc11a1(Gly169) (wild-type) or Slc11a1(Asp169) (mutant=functional null) alleles. Following direct acquisition of transferrin (Tf)-bound iron via the Tf receptor, iron uptake and release was equivalent in wild-type and mutant macrophages and was not influenced by interferon-gamma/lipopolysaccharide activation. Following phagocytosis of [(59)Fe]Tf-anti-Tf immune complexes, iron uptake was equivalent and up-regulated similarly with activation, but intracellular distribution was markedly different. In wild-type macrophages most iron was in the soluble (60%) rather than insoluble (12%) fraction, with 28% ferritin (Ft)-bound. With activation, the soluble component increased to 82% at the expense of Ft-bound iron (<5%). In mutant macrophages, 40-50% of iron was in insoluble form, 50-60% was soluble and <5% was Ft-bound. Western-blot analysis confirmed failure of mutant macrophages to degrade complexes 24 h after phagocytic uptake. Confocal microscopy showed that complexes were within lysosome-associated membrane protein 1-positive vesicles in wild-type and mutant macrophages at 30 min and 24 h, implying failure in the degradative process in mature phagosomes in mutant macrophages. NO-mediated iron release was 2.4-fold higher in activated wild-type macrophages compared with mutant macrophages. Overall, our data suggest that iron acquired by phagocytosis and degradation is retained within the phagosomal compartment in wild-type macrophages, and that NO triggers iron release by direct secretion of phagosomal contents rather than via the cytoplasm.

Links

PubMed PMC1222455

Keywords

Alleles; Animals; Apoptosis; Cation Transport Proteins/chemistry; Cation Transport Proteins/physiology; Cations/metabolism; Cell Line; Cytoplasm/metabolism; Endosomes/metabolism; Humans; Iron/metabolism; Lysosomes/metabolism; Macrophages/metabolism; Mice; Microscopy, Confocal; Mutation; Nitric Oxide/metabolism; Nitrites/metabolism; Phagocytosis; Time Factors; Transfection; Transferrin/genetics; Transferrin/metabolism; Up-Regulation

Significance

Annotations

Gene product Qualifier GO Term Evidence Code with/from Aspect Extension Notes Status

MOUSE:NRAM1

involved_in

GO:0006826: iron ion transport

ECO:0000315: mutant phenotype evidence used in manual assertion

P

Seeded From UniProt

complete

MOUSE:NRAM1

involved_in

GO:0006879: cellular iron ion homeostasis

ECO:0000315: mutant phenotype evidence used in manual assertion

P

Seeded From UniProt

complete


See also

References

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