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Siddiqi, IN, Dodd, JA, Vu, L, Eliason, K, Oakes, ML, Keener, J, Moore, R, Young, MK and Nomura, M (2001) Transcription of chromosomal rRNA genes by both RNA polymerase I and II in yeast uaf30 mutants lacking the 30 kDa subunit of transcription factor UAF. EMBO J. 20:4512-21
UAF, a yeast RNA polymerase I transcription factor, contains Rrn5p, Rrn9p, Rrn10p, histones H3 and H4, and uncharacterized protein p30. Mutants defective in RRN5, RRN9 or RRN10 are unable to transcribe rDNA by polymerase I and grow extremely slowly, but give rise to variants able to grow by transcribing chromosomal rDNA by polymerase II. Thus, UAF functions as both an activator of polymerase I and a silencer of polymerase II for rDNA transcription. We have now identified the gene for subunit p30. This gene, UAF30, is not essential for growth, but its deletion decreases the cellular growth rate. Remarkably, the deletion mutants use both polymerase I and II for rDNA transcription, indicating that the silencer function of UAF is impaired, even though rDNA transcription by polymerase I is still occurring. A UAF complex isolated from the uaf30 deletion mutant was found to retain the in vitro polymerase I activator function to a large extent. Thus, Uaf30p plays only a minor role in its activator function. Possible reasons for slow growth caused by uaf30 mutations are discussed.
Amino Acid Sequence; Chromosomes; DNA, Ribosomal; DNA-Binding Proteins/genetics; Humans; Molecular Sequence Data; RNA Polymerase I/metabolism; RNA Polymerase II/metabolism; RNA, Ribosomal; Saccharomyces cerevisiae; Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins; Transcription Factors/genetics; Transcription Factors/metabolism; Transcription, Genetic
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