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PMID:10780658

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Citation

Panheleux, M, Nys, Y, Williams, J, Gautron, J, Boldicke, T and Hincke, MT (2000) Extraction and quantification by ELISA of eggshell organic matrix proteins (ovocleidin-17, ovalbumin, ovotransferrin) in shell from young and old hens. Poult. Sci. 79:580-8

Abstract

The eggshell matrix is mainly composed of proteins that are thought to influence shell formation and calcification and, thus, modify the resulting properties of the shell. We investigated the potential of some of these proteins as biomarkers of eggshell quality by developing a competitive indirect ELISA for quantifying ovotransferrin, ovalbumin, and ovocleidin-17 in eggshell extract. Eggshell fragments were demineralized in acetic acid (20%) and freeze-dried. The micro-extraction yield was markedly increased (>50%) when Tween 20 was added to the subsequent extraction and dialysis milieus. Microplates were coated with ovotransferrin and ovalbumin in a 0.1M carbonate-bicarbonate buffer, but ovocleidin-17 was fixed with acetone (-20 C, 20 min). Optimal dilutions of the monoclonal (ovotransferrin) and polyclonal (ovalbumin and ovocleidin-17) antibodies were 1/3,000, 1/25,000 and 1/4,000, respectively. The inhibition curves were optimized by preincubating the antibodies and proteins overnight. The intraassay coefficient (<5%), parallelism of the standards and samples curves, and recovery (101%) were satisfactory for ovotransferrin. Measurements of ovalbumin were less precise because of higher interassay variation and differences between the slopes of standard and sample inhibition curves. Ovocleidin-17 assays showed similar slopes for standard and eggshell extracts. Although the total protein in soluble matrix extracts was not affected by age, the concentrations of these proteins were higher in eggshell extracts from older hens compared with those from young hens: 1.98x for ovotransferrin, 1.86x for ovalbumin, and 1.58x for ovocleidin-17. The quantification of specific eggshell matrix proteins in shell of differing quality is, therefore, a promising tool for analyzing the origin of eggshell faults and may provide useful information for breeding programs.

Links

PubMed

Keywords

Aging; Animals; Chickens/physiology; Conalbumin/analysis; Egg Proteins/analysis; Egg Shell/chemistry; Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel; Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay; Female; Ovalbumin/analysis

Significance

Annotations

Gene product Qualifier GO Term Evidence Code with/from Aspect Extension Notes Status

CHICK:TRFE

located_in

GO:1990377: organomineral extracellular matrix

ECO:0000314: direct assay evidence used in manual assertion

C

Seeded From UniProt

complete

CHICK:OC17

located_in

GO:1990377: organomineral extracellular matrix

ECO:0000314: direct assay evidence used in manual assertion

C

Seeded From UniProt

complete

CHICK:OC17

part_of

GO:1990377: organomineral extracellular matrix

ECO:0000314: direct assay evidence used in manual assertion

C

Seeded From UniProt

complete

CHICK:TRFE

part_of

GO:1990377: organomineral extracellular matrix

ECO:0000314: direct assay evidence used in manual assertion

C

Seeded From UniProt

complete


See also

References

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