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Eggink, G, Engel, H, Vriend, G, Terpstra, P and Witholt, B (1990) Rubredoxin reductase of Pseudomonas oleovorans. Structural relationship to other flavoprotein oxidoreductases based on one NAD and two FAD fingerprints. J. Mol. Biol. 212:135-42


The oxidation of alkanes to alkanols by Pseudomonas oleovorans involves a three-component enzyme system: alkane hydroxylase, rubredoxin and rubredoxin reductase. Alkane hydroxylase and rubredoxin are encoded by the alkBFGHJKL operon, while previous studies indicated that rubredoxin reductase is most likely encoded on the second alk cluster: the alkST operon. In this study we show that alkT encodes the 41 x 10(3) Mr rubredoxin reductase, on the basis of a comparison of the expected amino acid composition of AlkT and the previously established amino acid composition of the purified rubredoxin reductase. The alkT sequence revealed significant similarities between AlkT and several NAD(P)H and FAD-containing reductases and dehydrogenases. All of these enzymes contain two ADP binding sites, which can be recognized by a common beta alpha beta-fold or fingerprint, derived from known structures of cofactor binding enzymes. By means of this amino acid fingerprint we were able to determine that one ADP binding site in rubredoxin reductase (AlkT) is located at the N terminus and is involved in FAD binding, while the second site is located in the middle of the sequence and is involved in the binding of NAD or NADP. In addition, we derived from the sequences of FAD binding reductases a second amino acid fingerprint for FAD binding, and we used this fingerprint to identify a third amino acid sequence in AlkT near the carboxy terminus for binding of the flavin moiety of FAD. On the basis of the known architecture and relative spatial orientations of the NAD and FAD binding sites in related dehydrogenases, a model for part of the tertiary structure of AlkT was developed.


PubMed Online version:10.1016/0022-2836(90)90310-I


Amino Acid Sequence; Amino Acids/analysis; Animals; Base Sequence; Binding Sites; Flavin-Adenine Dinucleotide/metabolism; Humans; Models, Molecular; Molecular Sequence Data; NAD/metabolism; NADH, NADPH Oxidoreductases/genetics; Nucleotide Mapping; Oxidoreductases/genetics; Pseudomonas/enzymology; Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid