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Mao, W, Hunt, HD and Cheng, HH (2010) Cloning and functional characterization of chicken stem cell antigen 2. Dev. Comp. Immunol. 34:360-8


Stem cell antigen 2 (SCA2) is a Ly6 family member whose function is largely unknown. To characterize biological properties and tissue distribution of chicken SCA2, SCA2 was expressed in E. coli, purified, and a polyclonal antibody developed. Utilizing the polyclonal antibody, SCA2 is a 13 kDa cell surface protein anchored by a glycosyl-phosphatidylinositol (GPI) moiety. SCA2 is expressed in connective tissues of thymus and bursa based on immunohistochemistry, immunoprecipitation, and western blots. In bursal follicles, SCA2 is specifically expressed on the cortical-medullary epithelial cells (CMEC) surrounded by MHC class II presenting cells. Expression profiles of bursal cells induced by contact with SCA2-expressing cells shows down-regulation of numerous genes including CD79B, B cell linker (BLNK), spleen tyrosine kinase (SYK), and gamma 2-phospholipase C (PLCG2) that are involved in the B cell receptor (BCR) and immune response signaling pathways. These results suggest chicken SCA2 plays a role in regulating B lymphocytes.


PubMed Online version:10.1016/j.dci.2009.11.008


Amino Acid Sequence; Animals; B-Lymphocytes/immunology; B-Lymphocytes/metabolism; Blotting, Western; Cell Separation; Chickens/genetics; Chickens/immunology; Chickens/metabolism; Cloning, Molecular; Flow Cytometry; Gene Expression Regulation; Immunohistochemistry; Immunoprecipitation; Membrane Proteins/genetics; Membrane Proteins/immunology; Membrane Proteins/metabolism; Molecular Sequence Data; Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction; Signal Transduction/immunology