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Rzymski, T, Grzmil, P, Meinhardt, A, Wolf, S and Burfeind, P (2008) PHF5A represents a bridge protein between splicing proteins and ATP-dependent helicases and is differentially expressed during mouse spermatogenesis. Cytogenet. Genome Res. 121:232-44


PHF5A is a highly conserved protein from yeast to man, and based on studies in yeast, it was suggested that the homologous protein RDS3P in S. cerevisiae takes part in the organization of U2 snRNP particles. By using the yeast two-hybrid assay we could demonstrate that PHF5A interacted both with ATP-dependent helicases EP400 and DDX1 and with arginine-serine (RS)-rich domains of splicing factors U2AF1 and SFRS5 in mouse. Furthermore, domain interaction studies revealed that PHF5A interaction with EP400 and DDX1 is restricted to the N-terminal part of PHF5A, whereas the C-terminal region of PHF5A was found to be responsible for the association with U2AF1 and SFRS5. By using the yeast three-hybrid assay, we could further show that both EP400 and DDX1 interacted only indirectly with U2AF1 and SFRS5 proteins via the bridge protein PHF5A. The subcellular localization of a PHF5A-GFP fusion protein was predominantly observed in the nucleus and, in addition, PHF5A co-localized with both U2AF1 and SFRS5 proteins in nuclear speckles of NIH3T3 cells. Moreover, expression analyses demonstrated that PHF5A and U2AF1 gene expression coincided in spermatocytes during murine spermatogenesis and interaction between these proteins was also detectable in the spermatocyte-specific cell line GC-4spc by using in vivo co-immunoprecipitation studies. Taken together, our results indicate that PHF5A resembles a protein which interacts with splicing factors U2AF1 and SFRS5 and helicases EP400 and DDX1 and functions as a bridge protein between these proteins.


PubMed Online version:10.1159/000138890


Animals; Blotting, Western; Carrier Proteins/genetics; DNA Helicases/metabolism; Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel; Gene Expression Regulation; Immunohistochemistry; Immunoprecipitation; Male; Mice; Spermatogenesis; Subcellular Fractions; Two-Hybrid System Techniques