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Graf, P, Dolzblasz, A, Würschum, T, Lenhard, M, Pfreundt, U and Laux, T (2010) MGOUN1 encodes an Arabidopsis type IB DNA topoisomerase required in stem cell regulation and to maintain developmentally regulated gene silencing. Plant Cell 22:716-28
Maintenance of stem cells in the Arabidopsis thaliana shoot meristem is regulated by signals from the underlying cells of the organizing center, provided through the transcription factor WUSCHEL (WUS). Here, we report the isolation of several independent mutants of MGOUN1 (MGO1) as genetic suppressors of ectopic WUS activity and enhancers of stem cell defects in hypomorphic wus alleles. mgo1 mutants have previously been reported to result in a delayed progression of meristem cells into differentiating organ primordia (Laufs et al., 1998). Genetic analyses indicate that MGO1 functions together with WUS in stem cell maintenance at all stages of shoot and floral meristems. Synergistic interactions of mgo1 with several chromatin mutants suggest that MGO1 affects gene expression together with chromatin remodeling pathways. In addition, the expression states of developmentally regulated genes are randomly switched in mgo1 in a mitotically inheritable way, indicating that MGO1 stabilizes epigenetic states against stochastically occurring changes. Positional cloning revealed that MGO1 encodes a putative type IB topoisomerase, which in animals and yeast has been shown to be required for regulation of DNA coiling during transcription and replication. The specific developmental defects in mgo1 mutants link topoisomerase IB function in Arabidopsis to stable propagation of developmentally regulated gene expression.
Arabidopsis/genetics; Arabidopsis/metabolism; Arabidopsis Proteins/genetics; Arabidopsis Proteins/metabolism; Chromatin Assembly and Disassembly; Chromosome Mapping; Cloning, Molecular; DNA Topoisomerases, Type I/genetics; DNA Topoisomerases, Type I/metabolism; Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental; Gene Expression Regulation, Plant; Gene Silencing; Genes, Plant; Homeodomain Proteins/metabolism; Meristem/cytology; Mutation