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Yang, LT, Nichols, JT, Yao, C, Manilay, JO, Robey, EA and Weinmaster, G (2005) Fringe glycosyltransferases differentially modulate Notch1 proteolysis induced by Delta1 and Jagged1. Mol. Biol. Cell 16:927-42
Fringe O-fucose-beta1,3-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferases modulate Notch signaling by potentiating signaling induced by Delta-like ligands, while inhibiting signaling induced by Serrate/Jagged1 ligands. Based on binding studies, the differential effects of Drosophila fringe (DFng) on Notch signaling are thought to result from alterations in Notch glycosylation that enhance binding of Delta to Notch but reduce Serrate binding. Here, we report that expression of mammalian fringe proteins (Lunatic [LFng], Manic [MFng], or Radical [RFng] Fringe) increased Delta1 binding and activation of Notch1 signaling in 293T and NIH 3T3 cells. Although Jagged1-induced signaling was suppressed by LFng and MFng, RFng enhanced signaling induced by either Delta1 or Jagged1, underscoring the diversity of mammalian fringe glycosyltransferases in regulating signaling downstream of different ligand-receptor combinations. Interestingly, suppression of Jagged1-induced Notch1 signaling did not correlate with changes in Jagged1 binding as found for Delta1. Our data support the idea that fringe glycosylation increases Delta1 binding to potentiate signaling, but we propose that although fringe glycosylation does not reduce Jagged1 binding to Notch1, the resultant ligand-receptor interactions do not effectively promote Notch1 proteolysis required for activation of downstream signaling events.
Alkaline Phosphatase/analysis; Animals; Biotinylation; Calcium-Binding Proteins; Cell Line; Coculture Techniques; Drosophila Proteins/metabolism; Edetic Acid/pharmacology; Fibroblasts/drug effects; Genes, Reporter; Glycosyltransferases/metabolism; Humans; Hydrolysis; Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins; Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins; Ligands; Luciferases/metabolism; Membrane Proteins/antagonists & inhibitors; Membrane Proteins/metabolism; Mice; Models, Biological; N-Acetylglucosaminyltransferases/metabolism; NIH 3T3 Cells; Receptor, Notch1; Receptors, Cell Surface/metabolism; Signal Transduction; Transcription Factors/metabolism